Ange Behaviour

Topics: Attachment theory, Psychology, Observational learning Pages: 15 (3747 words) Published: April 15, 2015
“Behaviour is the way we conduct ourselves, especially towards others…” Behaviour in schools has declined over recent years. A UK charity for teacher well- being, the Teaching Support Network, has carried out research to identify the deterioration of pupils behaviour over the past 5 years. The poll of teachers reveals over half (53%) of primary school teachers say they have seen worsening behaviour, compared with only 46% of secondary school teachers. (Teachersupport.info) The YouGov poll of 481 primary and 321 secondary school teachers also highlighted the impact that poor student behaviour has had on teacher well-being. Nearly two thirds (62%) of primary school teachers said that poor behaviour has resulted in stress, anxiety or depression. Over a third (37%) of primary school teachers say they’ve thought about leaving the profession as a result of behaviour problems. Almost one in four (38%) teachers complained that behaviour is preventing them from teaching effectively. (Teachersupport.info) There are many different types of theories behind behaviour. Albert Bandura (1977) states “behaviour is learned from the environment through the process of observational learning…” This is known as the social learning theory. He believed that humans were active information processors who have the ability to think about the relationship between their behaviour and its consequences. He suggested that observational learning could not occur unless cognitive processes were at work. What this means, is children watch the way people around them behave and replicate these behaviours. This was illustrated in the Bobo doll experiment in 1966 carried out by Bandura. (McLeod, S. A. 2011). Although this was a controlled experiment the results showed that the children exposed to the aggressive model were more likely to act in physically aggressive way than those who were not exposed to the aggressive model. However it is possible to argue that the experiment was unethical. John Bowlby (1907 - 1990) was a psychoanalyst who believed that mental health and behavioural problems could be attributed to early childhood. His theory suggests if care is available during frightening adverse conditions the bond will be secure. Nevertheless, if the bond is delayed until after two and a half to three years and, for most children, if delayed till after 12 months then this may prove detrimental to a child’s development. If the attachment figure is broken or disrupted during the critical two year period the child will suffer irreversible long-term consequences of this maternal deprivation such as long term cognitive, social, and emotional difficulties .This risks continues until the age of five. Bowlby used the term maternal deprivation to refer to the separation or loss of the mother as well as failure to develop an attachment. Bowlby (1988) However, a longitudinal study by Schaffer & Emerson suggests otherwise. They discovered, after studying 60 babies for the first 18 months of their lives, that specific attachments started at about 8 months and, very shortly thereafter, the infants became attached to other people. By 18 months very few were attached to only one person and some had five or more attachments. (McLeod 2009) It is suggested by Rutter that not only the mother can be an attachment figure but a father, siblings, peers and inanimate objects are also attachment figures which may cause protest or distress when child is detached from them. Rutter points out that several indicators of attachment (such as protest or distress when attached person leaves) have been shown for a variety of attachment figures – fathers, siblings, peers and even inanimate objects. Rutter also believes that children can recover from early deprivation. (Rutter, 1979). For this case study I have observed child A whom I will call Bill for the purpose of this case study. These are snap shots of Bills recurring behaviour. Bill is aged 4 and has an older sister with Autism and a...

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