Ancient history

Good Essays
Greece: Bronze Age Society – Minoan Society

(b) Explain what relevant evidence reveals about Minoan religious beliefs and practices.

Most of our sources about Minoan society come from Linear A and B together with depictions in frescoes and on coins and the discovery of evidence found in shrines, caves, palaces and villas. It is from this evidence that we learn about Minoan religious beliefs and practices, including places of religious worship and sacrifices, the gods and goddesses that the Minoans worshipped, religious symbols and their burial customs. Through understanding more about Minoan religion, we understand more about Minoan society.
One of the biggest questions historians are faced with is what gods and goddesses the Minoans worshipped, and how they worshipped them. It is from the archaeological evidence of signet rings that historians have aimed to answer these questions. It is known, from Linear A evidence, that Demeter, a prominent Greek earth mother goddess, was also a prominent Minoan goddess, from several different depictions, it is thought that she represents several different goddesses. Gold signet rings that have been discovered portray a larger woman, believed to be a goddess, often being brought gifts by smaller women. There is one ring though, that shows two small men dancing joyously on either side of a larger woman, showing us that men also took part, in what seems to be, a female (including mainly female goddesses) dominated society. From this evidence, we could say that the female goddess was central in Minoan worship, although, it is not known whether this is the same goddess appearing in the rings and therefore, we also do not know what her name is.
Several small statues have also been found, for example, the statue of a goddess from the shrine at Karphi, which shows a woman with upraised arms, most likely a presentation of praise. This figure wares slashed poppies in her crown, which indicates the use of opium. Also, pairs

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Better Essays

    Minoan religion seems to have been based on the religion of the Neolithic peoples they conquered in moving to Crete. Bulls were sacred to the Minoans, and bull-leaping was a religious ritual. The labyrinth at Knossos is the best-known example of a Minoan temple. They also had many different kinds of languages like the hieroglyphic script, Linear A, which consisted of different symbols that represented a syllable, word, or number and was mainly used for record keeping. Linear B was a script used for government records and it eventually turned into the modern Greek language. The Minoans were also known for their art and architecture.…

    • 1457 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Divine Roles Across Cultures

    • 41666 Words
    • 167 Pages

    Cited: Gimbutas, Marija. The Civilization of the Goddess: The World of Old Europe. Joan Marler, ed. San Francisco: HarperSanFrancisco, 1991a.…

    • 41666 Words
    • 167 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Ancient Greece was a civilization that set many precedents. One of the most notable earmarks of Ancient Greece is It’s mythology. Though not the only polytheistic culture, Greece is one of the most prominently thought of cultures when referring to Gods and Goddesses. The deities of ancient Greece held a huge sphere of influence in their culture. The Gods and Goddesses affected many aspects of everyday life. These myths became their religious and spiritual foundations. “In ancient Greece, a myth was not simply a story, or a tale, rich in religious and poetic meanings, but rather a body of scientific knowledge about the world and a normative conception of human beings” (Javier Lopez Frias, Isadora,Hadjistephanou Papaellina).…

    • 179 Words
    • 1 Page
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Better Essays

    Female Figure Analysis

    • 1506 Words
    • 7 Pages

    Throughout history the woman figure has been depicted in many ways. One of the most prominent way in which the female figure is seen is as a reference to fertility. Another much more appealing aspect of femininity is its use to represent ferocious deities. This essay will examine the different ways in which the female figure has been depicted by examining four pieces of art. The four pieces I will focus on will be: Female figurine found at Dolni., Innana/Ishtar with Lions and Owls, The Gorgon, Medusa, from the west pediment for the Artemis Temple, and Coatlicue, from Aztec temple precinct at Tenochtitlán.…

    • 1506 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    ancient history

    • 600 Words
    • 3 Pages

    Sources reveal that the lives of woman in Sparta, that they were treated differently to spartiate men, they were not allowed to do majority if things that the Spartan men did, such as hunting, working, and most leisure activities such as watching cockfighting or boar fighting. Woman were to stay at home and do home duties such as cooking, cleaning and ultimately look after the children. Women were expected to raise children and to make sure they learn the Spartan way of life. woman were able to compete in athletics, mostly running events, they also enjoyed dancing routines which were carried out often in religious festivals of the gods.…

    • 600 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    ancient civilizations

    • 490 Words
    • 2 Pages

    Ancient China was a country that was impacted by its geographic features. Ancient China was a very large country. China’s physical features were very greatly impacted by the contact of other cultures. Some of ancient China’s physical features that prevented them from having contact with other cultures were its large mountains and deserts. This had a good and a bad side to it. The good side was that China was well protected from intruders. However, the bad side to this was that it was it more difficult for China to have contact with other cultures. (Document 2). This also led to China becoming very ethnocentric. Yu was a very important figure in ancient China. Ancient China was in need for water since it was surrounded by deserts and mountains. The solution Yu had to this problem was that he opened passages for the streams throughout the provinces and deepened the existing channels and canals as well as directing them to the streams (Document 4).…

    • 490 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    History

    • 778 Words
    • 3 Pages

    . a. After examining one of the maps of Europe, explain whether Germany or Great Britain had the greater need for a strong navy.…

    • 778 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    History

    • 595 Words
    • 3 Pages

    Yoritomo was important because he lead the Minamoto clan from near - ruin to control of Japan. He lead the Minamoto against Taira clan in a war that gave him the title of Shogun, a title and position later lords would fight for over centuries. At the end of the Genpei war and beginning of the Kamakura Shogunate marked the rise of military (samurai) power and the suppress, on the power of the emperor, who was compelled to reprised without effective political or military power, untill the Meiji restoration over 650 years later.…

    • 595 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    History

    • 1158 Words
    • 3 Pages

    Orestes Brownson a philosopher, minister, and journalist from the 1840s compared the slave labor system with the wage labor system in Orestes Brownson Condemns “Wage Slavery,” 1840. Despite the fact Branson states that he does not advocate slavery and considers himself a modern abolitionist, Brownson says that if given the chance to choose between slave labor and waged labor, slave labor would be the one he recommends. “We regard the system as decidedly preferable to the system at wages.” (Orestes Brownson Condemns “Wage Slavery,” 1840) He defends his argument by saying the slave that was never free suffers less than someone who works for a living. “The laborer at wages has all the disadvantages of freedom and none of its blessings, while the slave, if denied the blessings, is freed from the disadvantages.” (Orestes Brownson Condemns “Wage Slavery,” 1840) This simply explains the fact that the waged worker may be ‘free’ but are faced with disadvantages that slaves don’t necessarily have to worry about. Some examples would be that the slaves are given food, lodging, and even the rations given may not have been much the slaves were better off than the waged worker who had to supply his family with a place to sleep, something to eat, and clothes to wear, things that were not promised because they may or may not have been able to afford it depending on their pay. A key difference to note (as mentioned before) is that the waged worker may not make enough money to be able to properly provide for his family with his current wage assuming he has a job, while a slave is supplied with these things by their masters.…

    • 1158 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    History

    • 700 Words
    • 2 Pages

    In John Milton Cooper Jr’s “Why Wisconsin? The Badger State in the Progressive Era” he talks about why Wisconsin was the leading state in the progressive movement and if it was just by a freak accident or not. Wisconsin became known as the laboratory of democracy around this time period by leading the reform movements that became known as progressivism. Many people like to accredit this to its people’s naturally bright, creative, forward looking attitudes. Yet there was no good reason why Wisconsin should have been the state to take the lead with this movement.…

    • 700 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Better Essays

    The Snake Goddess

    • 1432 Words
    • 6 Pages

    The Snake Goddess, a voluptuous, divine figure with bare breasts, and snakes in both hands, is one of the most well known female deity’s and faïence figurines in Minoan culture (Patron). The actual representation of the Snake Goddess is unknown; however, a majority of perceptions would all agree that the Snake Goddess is an important female deity in Minoan civilization. By analyzing the importance of symbolism, the role of women in Minoan civilization and The Snake Goddesses role in Minoan culture, it will become evident that The Snake Goddess plays a significant role in Minoan art, religion and society (Witcombe).…

    • 1432 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    #1. As the Minoans civilizations we have limited records but we can say they were masters of seas and great shipbuilder, which allow them the trade by the seas, also they have a base religion using bull leaping not only as a sport, if not as a penitence on their religion practice, they constructed big cities and palaces for their ruler an example is the Palace of Knossos where the legendary Kind of Minos lived.…

    • 747 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    History

    • 520 Words
    • 3 Pages

    Chapter 11, “Robber Barons and Rebels” details events occurring in 1877 and beyond. During this time, labor was rewarded depending on race, sex, nationality, and social class. Steam and electricity replaced jobs and increased efficiency. New inventions, such as manufactured ice, the telephone, and the adding machine, allowed the meat industry and other companies to become feasible. The railroads became a big industry of the time, and bribed many officials. The monopolization of industries raised many wealthy business people. Such as, J. P Morgan, John D. Rockefeller, and Andrew Carnegie. The oil company under Rockefeller flourished.…

    • 520 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Ancient Creation Myths

    • 1669 Words
    • 7 Pages

    Creation myths of are often examined, but more often than not they are looked at individually. Much more can be learned if different myths are analyzed at the same time, recognizing similarities and differences as well as overlapping themes in these myths. We can learn about many aspects of a culture from their creation myths. The portrayal of women in the myth can teach whether the society is patriarchal or matriarchal. The descriptive vocabulary, and the characteristics given to the gods can show us what societies view as god-like qualities. Finally through analyzing overlapping themes that are repeated from myth to myth we can begin to infer what interaction some of these cultures may have had. Creation myths are crucial to a society’s identity, and we can learn much about these cultures through these myths.…

    • 1669 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Minoan women were a central part of religion on Crete; evidence suggests that they were priestesses, having significant responsibilities within rituals and ceremonies. La Parisienne, a fresco found in Knossos, shows a possible priestess, the religious dress she wears and the sacral knot worn on the base of her neck, give her this identity. The sacral knot was a piece of patterned cloth with a fringe at each end that was knotted and worn in women’s hair. Cameron believes that the knot represented a man’s possession of a woman, however it is more likely the sacral knot symbolized the bond between the wearer and a deity. For this reason, La Parisienne is likely to be one of the celebrants in a sacred rite. This role as a priestess is supported by the images found in the Agia Triada sarcophagus, which depicts priestesses and their purposes within the religious ritual of a funeral. The women in the relief are identified by their pale skin, whereas the men are shown to be darker skinned. Within the funeral precession, a priestess in shown to be blessing a sacrificial bull, another prepares vessels on an altar, while a third and fourth priestess make offerings of liquid, presumed to be bull’s blood. The images on the sarcophagus include significant religious symbolism, such as the double axe and the horns of consecration. Furthermore, it has been suggested by archaeologists, such as Castleden, that evidence of the role of Minoan women in religion can be found within the predominant positions women were given within religious ceremonies. This notion is supported by the Grandstand fresco found a Knossos. The fresco shows a ceremony, potentially…

    • 1132 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays