I chose Great Britain because it was surrounded by water so they would need to strengthen their navy to block the other countries from invading overseas. Germany would not need to invest in their navy as much because the country is surrounded by land so they would need to block out the countries from invading on land rather then water. c. Based on the state of the arms race in 1914, if you were a German citizen, how would you feel? Explain why. If I were a German citizen I would feel scared that Great Britain has the world’s naval power and is not apart of our alliance but also proud that Germany was able to get to second after building their first two battleships the Nassau and the Westfalen. But Germany as a whole should still feel scared because they are surrounded by land from countries that are not in the same alliance. d. Based on the state of the arms race in 1914, if you were a British citizen, how would you feel? Explain why. If I were a British citizen I would feel very powerful because we have the most naval size and strength over all the other countries. Also because we have Russia and France to back us up even though their armies are smaller.
2. How did the naval arms race encourage the development of the alliance system the way it did? Be sure to refer to Great Britain, France, Germany, and Russia, as well as each of the alliance groups specifically. Britain had a very strong navy with having control over the oceans but also having France and Russia as their allies. This probably encouraged Germany to get more strength in their navy because of the competitiveness between Germany and Great Britain. As a result Germany and Austria-Hungary formed their own alliance along with Italy making the Triple Entente.
3. a. How was Canada connected to the European system of Empires? Canada was connected to the European system of Empires because Canada was a colony of Britain at the time. b. How did Canada’s connection to the European empires affect its relationship to the major European alliances that existed at the start of World War One? Since Canada was a colony of Britain at the time, it affected their relationship to the major European alliances that existed at the start of World War One so when Great Britain went to war, Canada went with them. c. How does this compare to the United States? The United States had broken away from England in the War of Independence, severing its ties with the European Empire. d. How did the European system of empires and alliances affect Canada’s ability to decide what its involvement in World War One would be?
4. a. Define “nationalism”.
Nationalism is patriotic feelings, principles and/or efforts that you have for your country/nation. In this case, which is more extreme, nationalism is considered feeling superior over other countries. It also could mean the country has support of political independence for a particular country. b. Use this definition of nationalism to explain specifically how nationalism helped make each of the causes of World War One even stronger. Each of the causes of World War one was made stronger by nationalism. Militarism was made stronger from nationalism because one country could feel more superior or confident over another because of how protected they are with their navy/army. Alliances were made stronger from nationalism because the more countries who have joined together to become an alliance and act as one could feel more confident and superior compared to smaller countries who haven’t joined an alliance. Imperialism was made stronger from nationalism because the pride and superior feeling of a country made them want to take over more land and cover a larger area to make them even more ahead of other countries.
5. Identify two things that could have prevented a world war, based on what happened after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand. One thing that could have prevented a world war is The Serbian Austria-Hungary not blaming Serbia for the assassination would be a big help too. It was a member of the Serbian terrorist group, The Black Hand, but could have been dealt with in another way instead of declaring war on the country and having to get alliances involved.