The Neolithic Revolution introduced the need of agricultural techniques and tools. The Chinese during the Han Dynasty in 2nd century B.C.E. and the Romans in the 1st century B.C.E. had various views on the agricultural technology which came about during the time period of these empires. The attitude towards the new innovations were supported mostly by government officials who wanted the benefits of agricultural technology as soon as possible and many were stressed by political leaders. However, the minority of the Romans had trouble accepting the benefits of tools in agriculture in society opposed to those who preferred agricultural technology.
In the Han Dynasty in China, the Yellow River faced annual flooding. In Document 1, a Han government official was writing a letter to other local officials related to the floods in the 2nd century B.C.E. He explains the need of irrigation and flood prevention because of the loss of lives and food. He wanted "the walls of the cities and their suburbs, the dikes and rivers, canals and pools, and government buildings and cottages, and supply enough workers to those who are to carry out the repair work in each district." In other words, he was for the technological advancements for agriculture and irrigation systems. He also wanted people to join and help building these structures. Likewise, in Document 3, an excerpt from New Discourses written by Huan Tan who was a philosopher in 20C.E mentioned that Fuxi, who was a wise emperor in myths, mentioned the ways of domestic animals, for example, donkeys, mules, oxen and horses. Water power was used later on which improved even more. Both of these documents back up on the use of technology being beneficial to man. An additional document that can be used to help back up the benefit of agricultural technology are record keeping of taxes and demographic statistics of Han China after the innovation of the dams and flood prevention.