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Administering Windows Server 2008 powerpoint

By timfick Nov 03, 2013 1018 Words
Microsoft Windows
Server 2008,
Server Administration

Introduction to
Windows Server 2008

Windows Server 2008 Platforms


Windows Server 2008 Standard Edition



Windows Server 2008 Enterprise Edition



Windows Web Server 2008



Windows Server 2008 Datacenter Edition



Windows Server 2008 for Itanium-Based Systems



Server 2008 Standard, Enterprise and Datacenter are available both with and without Hyper-V

Windows Server 2008 Standard Edition


Fundamental Server version upon which all other versions are based



Can be used on x86 and x64 computers



Up to 4GB RAM on x86 and 32GB RAM on x64



Supports symmetric multiprocessor computers



Supports .NET Framework and Visual Studio .NET



Virtualization is possible through Hyper-V

Windows Server 2008 Enterprise Edition


Designed for high-end servers



Up to 64GB RAM on x86 and 2TB RAM on x64



Clustering is enabled



Hot-add memory



Fault tolerant memory sync



Microsoft Metadirectory Services

Windows Web Server 2008


Designed for hosting and deploying Web services and applications



Supports multiple processors



Optimized to run Microsoft Internet Information Services



Supports .NET Framework tools and XML Web services



Up to 4GB RAM on x86 and 32GB RAM on x64



Cannot host Active Directory or use Hyper-V

Windows Server 2008 Datacenter Edition



Designed for mission-critical applications and very large databases



Supports clusters with up to 16 computers



For SMP computers, up to 64 processors can be used



Hot-add memory



Hot-add processor and hot-replace processor



Up to 64GB RAM on x86 and 2TB RAM on x64

Server 2008 for Itanium-Based Systems


Designed for resource-intensive applications



Itanium processor is a unique, high performance 64-bit processor



Can scale up to 512 processors



Up to 2TB RAM



Hot-add memory



Hot-add and replace processor



Clustering with up to 8 computers

Windows Server 2008 Features



Server Manager



Windows Powershell



Security



Virtualization



Clustering



Reliability



Enhanced Web services



Multitasking



Windows Server Core



Multithreading

Windows Server 2008 Networking Models



Peer-to-peer networking



Server-based networking

Protocols for Windows Server 2008


Transmission Control Protocol



Internet Protocol



Internet Protocol Version 6



Static vs. dynamic addressing



Default gateway AKA router



Name resolution



Address resolution protocol

Installing Windows
Server 2008

Preparing for Installation


Identify hardware requirements and
compatibility



Choose a computer name



Determine whether to install Server
Core or the full version



Determine disk partitioning options



Understand the file system



Identify the server roles to implement



Determine upgrade options





Plan user licensing

Determine the immediate
preparations



Determine domain or workgroup
membership

Server Roles


Active Directory Certificate Services Role



Fax Server Role



Active Directory Domain Services Role



File Services Role



Active Directory Federation Services



Hyper-V Role



Active Directory Lightweight Directory
Services



Network Policy & Access Services Role



Print Services Role



Terminal Services Role



Active Directory Rights Management
Services Role



Application Server Role



UDDI Services Role



DHCP Server Role



Web Server (IIS) Role



DNS Server Role



Windows Deployment Services Role

Installation Methods


DVD installation



Upgrading from Windows Server 2003



Virtual Server using Hyper-V



Windows Deployment Services

Initial Configuration Tasks Window


Set time zone



Configure networking



Computer name & domain



Configure Windows Update



Add roles



Add features

Windows Deployment Services


Installs Windows Server 2008, Windows Vista, and Windows 7



Retains the ability to install Windows Server 2003 and Windows XP



Enhances performance



Provides updated boot format



Uses image-based installation techniques



Can utilize multicasting for network efficiency



Offers a redesigned presentation for choosing which OS to install



Operates in a Preboot Execution Environment (PXE)

Configuring the Windows
Server 2008 Environment

Server Manager


Roles



Features



Diagnostics



Configuration



Storage

Configuring Hardware Devices


Disk drives



Disk controllers



Network adapters



CD/DVD drives



Keyboard



Pointing devices



Monitor

Configuring the Operating System


Processor Scheduling and Data Execution Prevention



Virtual Memory



Direct Memory Access for Hard Disks



Environmental Variables



Startup & Recovery



Power Options



Installing Protocols

Windows Server 2008 Registry
Stores the following:


Information about all hardware components



Information about services that are installed



Data about user profiles and group policies



Data on the last current and last known setup



Configuration information about all software



Software licensing information



Server Manager and Control Panel parameters

Registry Root Keys


HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE



HKEY_CURRENT_USER



HKEY_USERS



HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT



HKEY_CURRENT_CONFIG

Security Configuration Wizard


Disable unnecessary service and software



Close network communication ports



Examine shared files and folders



Configure firewall rules



GUI interactive wizard



Database



scwcmd command-line tool

Windows Powershell


Manage files and folders



Manage network tasks



Manage fixed and removable storage



Configure printing services



Manage software applications and updates



Manage Terminal Services



Manage server services and features



Manage Web server services



Work with the Registry

Active Directory and
Account Management

Active Directory Fundamentals


Directory service



Domain controllers



Multimaster replication



Schema



Global Catalog



Namespace

Containers in Active Directory


Forest



Tree



Domain



Organizational Unit (OU)



Site

User Account Management


Creating accounts when Active Directory is not installed



Creating accounts when Active Directory is installed



Disabling, enabling, and renaming accounts



Moving an account



Resetting a password



Deleting and account

Security Group Management


Local groups



Domain local groups



Global groups



Universal groups

Delegation of Object Management
Ability to do the following


Create, delete, and manage user accounts



Reset user passwords



Read all user information



Create, delete, and manage groups



Modify the members of a group



Manage group policy links

New features in Server 2008 AD


Restart capability



Read-only domain controller



Auditing improvements



Multiple password and account lockout policies in a single domain



Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services role

Configuring, Managing,
and Troubleshooting
Resource Access

Managing Folder and File Security


Attributes



Permissions



Auditing



Ownership

Shared Folder and their Permissions


Reader



Contributor



Co-owner



Owner

Distributed File System


Shared folders can be set up so they appear in one hierarchy of folders



NTFS access permissions fully apply to DFS



Fault tolerance is an option be replicating shared folders on multiple servers



Access to shared folders can be distributed across many servers



Access is improved to resources for Web-based Internet and intranet sites



Vital shared folders on multiple computers can be backed up from one set of master folders

Disk Quotas


Preventing users from filling the disk capacity



Encouraging users to help manage disk space by deleting old files when the receive a warning that their quota limit is approaching



Tracking disk capacity needs on a per-user basis for future planning



Providing server administrators with information about when users are nearing or have reached their quota limits

Subsystem for UNIX-based Applications


Run Unix/Linux applications



Run Unix/Linux scripts



Use popular Unix/Linux shells



Run most Unix/Linux commands



Run the popular vi Unix/Linux editor

Cite This Document

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