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Administering Windows Server 2008 powerpoint

By timfick Nov 03, 2013 1018 Words
Microsoft Windows
Server 2008,
Server Administration

Introduction to
Windows Server 2008

Windows Server 2008 Platforms

Windows Server 2008 Standard Edition

Windows Server 2008 Enterprise Edition

Windows Web Server 2008

Windows Server 2008 Datacenter Edition

Windows Server 2008 for Itanium-Based Systems

Server 2008 Standard, Enterprise and Datacenter are available both with and without Hyper-V

Windows Server 2008 Standard Edition

Fundamental Server version upon which all other versions are based

Can be used on x86 and x64 computers

Up to 4GB RAM on x86 and 32GB RAM on x64

Supports symmetric multiprocessor computers

Supports .NET Framework and Visual Studio .NET

Virtualization is possible through Hyper-V

Windows Server 2008 Enterprise Edition

Designed for high-end servers

Up to 64GB RAM on x86 and 2TB RAM on x64

Clustering is enabled

Hot-add memory

Fault tolerant memory sync

Microsoft Metadirectory Services

Windows Web Server 2008

Designed for hosting and deploying Web services and applications

Supports multiple processors

Optimized to run Microsoft Internet Information Services

Supports .NET Framework tools and XML Web services

Up to 4GB RAM on x86 and 32GB RAM on x64

Cannot host Active Directory or use Hyper-V

Windows Server 2008 Datacenter Edition

Designed for mission-critical applications and very large databases

Supports clusters with up to 16 computers

For SMP computers, up to 64 processors can be used

Hot-add memory

Hot-add processor and hot-replace processor

Up to 64GB RAM on x86 and 2TB RAM on x64

Server 2008 for Itanium-Based Systems

Designed for resource-intensive applications

Itanium processor is a unique, high performance 64-bit processor

Can scale up to 512 processors

Up to 2TB RAM

Hot-add memory

Hot-add and replace processor

Clustering with up to 8 computers

Windows Server 2008 Features

Server Manager

Windows Powershell





Enhanced Web services


Windows Server Core


Windows Server 2008 Networking Models

Peer-to-peer networking

Server-based networking

Protocols for Windows Server 2008

Transmission Control Protocol

Internet Protocol

Internet Protocol Version 6

Static vs. dynamic addressing

Default gateway AKA router

Name resolution

Address resolution protocol

Installing Windows
Server 2008

Preparing for Installation

Identify hardware requirements and

Choose a computer name

Determine whether to install Server
Core or the full version

Determine disk partitioning options

Understand the file system

Identify the server roles to implement

Determine upgrade options

Plan user licensing

Determine the immediate

Determine domain or workgroup

Server Roles

Active Directory Certificate Services Role

Fax Server Role

Active Directory Domain Services Role

File Services Role

Active Directory Federation Services

Hyper-V Role

Active Directory Lightweight Directory

Network Policy & Access Services Role

Print Services Role

Terminal Services Role

Active Directory Rights Management
Services Role

Application Server Role

UDDI Services Role

DHCP Server Role

Web Server (IIS) Role

DNS Server Role

Windows Deployment Services Role

Installation Methods

DVD installation

Upgrading from Windows Server 2003

Virtual Server using Hyper-V

Windows Deployment Services

Initial Configuration Tasks Window

Set time zone

Configure networking

Computer name & domain

Configure Windows Update

Add roles

Add features

Windows Deployment Services

Installs Windows Server 2008, Windows Vista, and Windows 7

Retains the ability to install Windows Server 2003 and Windows XP

Enhances performance

Provides updated boot format

Uses image-based installation techniques

Can utilize multicasting for network efficiency

Offers a redesigned presentation for choosing which OS to install

Operates in a Preboot Execution Environment (PXE)

Configuring the Windows
Server 2008 Environment

Server Manager






Configuring Hardware Devices

Disk drives

Disk controllers

Network adapters

CD/DVD drives


Pointing devices


Configuring the Operating System

Processor Scheduling and Data Execution Prevention

Virtual Memory

Direct Memory Access for Hard Disks

Environmental Variables

Startup & Recovery

Power Options

Installing Protocols

Windows Server 2008 Registry
Stores the following:

Information about all hardware components

Information about services that are installed

Data about user profiles and group policies

Data on the last current and last known setup

Configuration information about all software

Software licensing information

Server Manager and Control Panel parameters

Registry Root Keys






Security Configuration Wizard

Disable unnecessary service and software

Close network communication ports

Examine shared files and folders

Configure firewall rules

GUI interactive wizard


scwcmd command-line tool

Windows Powershell

Manage files and folders

Manage network tasks

Manage fixed and removable storage

Configure printing services

Manage software applications and updates

Manage Terminal Services

Manage server services and features

Manage Web server services

Work with the Registry

Active Directory and
Account Management

Active Directory Fundamentals

Directory service

Domain controllers

Multimaster replication


Global Catalog


Containers in Active Directory




Organizational Unit (OU)


User Account Management

Creating accounts when Active Directory is not installed

Creating accounts when Active Directory is installed

Disabling, enabling, and renaming accounts

Moving an account

Resetting a password

Deleting and account

Security Group Management

Local groups

Domain local groups

Global groups

Universal groups

Delegation of Object Management
Ability to do the following

Create, delete, and manage user accounts

Reset user passwords

Read all user information

Create, delete, and manage groups

Modify the members of a group

Manage group policy links

New features in Server 2008 AD

Restart capability

Read-only domain controller

Auditing improvements

Multiple password and account lockout policies in a single domain

Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services role

Configuring, Managing,
and Troubleshooting
Resource Access

Managing Folder and File Security





Shared Folder and their Permissions





Distributed File System

Shared folders can be set up so they appear in one hierarchy of folders

NTFS access permissions fully apply to DFS

Fault tolerance is an option be replicating shared folders on multiple servers

Access to shared folders can be distributed across many servers

Access is improved to resources for Web-based Internet and intranet sites

Vital shared folders on multiple computers can be backed up from one set of master folders

Disk Quotas

Preventing users from filling the disk capacity

Encouraging users to help manage disk space by deleting old files when the receive a warning that their quota limit is approaching

Tracking disk capacity needs on a per-user basis for future planning

Providing server administrators with information about when users are nearing or have reached their quota limits

Subsystem for UNIX-based Applications

Run Unix/Linux applications

Run Unix/Linux scripts

Use popular Unix/Linux shells

Run most Unix/Linux commands

Run the popular vi Unix/Linux editor

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