Present under the case under these headings.
1. Symptoms – what are they?
2. Diagnosis – How is it diagnosed?
3. Treatment · How best to treat it? · What role the family might play?
4. ADHD in adults – Is it any different?
1. Evidence that most children diagnosed with ADHD are not suffering a neurological disorder.
2. What other types of neurological disorders/issues might explain hyperactivity and distractibility?
3. What other factors about American society does the writer say increases the like hood of an ADHD diagnosis?
· Hyperactivity only
· Mainly impulsive/ diminished hyperactivity
· Predominantly inattentive ADHD
· Masking of core symptoms
· Predominantly inattentive
· Combined type of ‘Hyperactivity & predominantly inattentive
What Causes ADHD?
Parents may blame themselves when a child is diagnosed with ADHD, but the causes are more likely to do with inherited traits than parenting choices. At the same time, certain environmental factors may contribute to or worsen a child’s behavior.
Although there’s still a lot that isn’t known about ADHD, several factors may cause it:
· Altered brain function and anatomy. While the exact cause of ADHD remains a mystery, brain scans have revealed important differences in the structure and brain activity of people with ADHD. For example, there appears to be less activity in the areas of the brain that control activity levels and attention
· Heredity/ Genetic factors. ADHD tends to run in families. Several genes that may be associated with ADHD are currently being studied
· Maternal smoking, drug use and exposure to toxins. Pregnant women who smoke are at increased risk of having children with ADHD. Alcohol or drug abuse during pregnancy may reduce activity of the nerve cells (neurons) that produce neurotransmitters. Pregnant women who are exposed to environmental poisons also may be more likely to have children