Acts Chart

Topics: American Revolution, Townshend Acts, Boston Tea Party Pages: 6 (1433 words) Published: November 24, 2014
Directions: As you read pp. 122-145 in Norton, A People and A Nation, complete the chart below. Be sure to give lots of specific facts and details – people, places, literature, and events – that fully explain the actions taken. PROVISIONS OF EACH BRITISH IMPERIAL POLICY

THE AMERICAN REACTION TO THE BRITISH POLICY
THE BRITISH REACTION TO THE AMERIAN REACTION
1. The Molasses Act (1733): This act placed a high tariff on molasses being imported by colonists from the French West Indies; it was passed in response to complaints by British West Indian planters that they were losing money.

American merchants responded to the act by bribing and smuggling their way around the law, actions that foreshadowed the impending imperial crisis. British planters, however, could only supply 1/8 of the sugar needed by the colonists, and the colonists used this fact to justify their actions. The British replaced the Molasses Act with the Sugar Act in 1764, signaling the end of salutary neglect that coincided with the end of the French and Indian War. 2. Proclamation of 1763: An act passed by King George III, which forbade settlers from settling past a drawn line on the Appalachian Mountains. This proclamation dealt with the management of inherited French colonies from the French and Indian War, and was used to protect Indian settlements.

Americans were quite upset with this because there was very good land and places to trade past the Appalachians. Only licensed traders were able to trade with the Indians past the drawn line, and many who had already purchased land past the line were not allowed to move. The British originally sought for the line to be temporary, but soon realized it was better to keep the line permanent due to the because they found westward expansion was a good way to save money, keep the colonists closer to the mother country, and prevent trouble with the Indians. 3. Sugar Act (1764): An act passed that required all colonists to pay a three pence tax on imported sugar. This act also contributed to the increase on taxes on coffee, indigo, and wine.

Americans began to realize that they were under “taxation without representation”, yet in response to the Sugar Act, could not come up with a unanimous plan of action. Merchants tried to protest and there were some boycotts, but nothing too serious. The British did not do much in response to the American’s reaction, but called for stronger law forces to prevent any additional quarrels and boycotts of the Sugar Act. PROVISIONS OF EACH BRITISH IMPERIAL POLICY

THE AMERICAN REACTION TO THE BRITISH POLICY
THE BRITISH REACTION TO THE AMERICAN REACTION

4. Currency Act (1764): This act prohibited the issue of any new bills and the reissue of existing currency. Parliament favored the “hard currency” system based on the pound.

The Americans protested very harshly against these acts. They argued that the shortage of hard capital would further hurt their already struggling trading situation with Britain. The British enacted the use of the Naval Commanders who assured that people who were caught smuggling or other violations of customs laws would have a hearing, almost always in the British favor. 5. Quartering Act (1765): An act passed that required local legislatures to house and feed new British troops sent to the colonies. Many soldiers were unwelcome because they took odd jobs and competed with unemployed colonists.

Americans did not like the Quartering Act very much, but found that there was not much to do about it. Although soldiers were unwelcome, they came in large groups with strong force, so many colonists believed that their choices were limited. The British used force and intimidation to get what they wanted, although the colonists did not put up much of a fight. The British really did not need to do much seeing as although there was tension, no physical violence or strong riots broke out. 6. Stamp Act (1765):...
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