So first of all, we will introduce the exhibition by explaining what abortion is . Abortion is when the pregnancy is ended so that is does not result in the birth of the child. Someitmes, abortion is also refer to the term ‘ Termination Of Pregnancy ‘. In order to solve a problem, we must first look into the roots of the problem. There are many factors why woman would go for an abortion. The three main factors are due to age, marital status and economic status. The other minor factors includes financial recourses, responsible to be a parent, not willing to put down their work to care for their children, relationship problem with their partner and so many more which will be presented in the exhibition. Only one percent of all abortion cases are die to abusive sexual act. Around ten to fifteen thousand people ( approximately 1% ) undergo abortion due to being a victim of rape, incestuous relationship and women who does not want to bear a child who was conceived in violence
Since abortion is so high in demand, why is it that so many people are against abortion and so many countries had make it illegal. One of the archaic views that we have against abortion is that ‘ nobody has the right to take the life of a living being’, and fetus is in the preliminary stages of life which is consider as a living thing. So basically, aborting a baby is just similar linked to cold blooded murder. To understand why killing an unborn child must be opposed tooth and nail, let us take a look at some anti abortion arguments. First of all, what right do humans have to curtail the life of something that providence has created? Who are we to decide what deserve to lives or die? The fetus has a soul, which if allowed to bloom will result into the formation of a human being. However, when we kill the fetus, we deny someone a chance to exist in the world. As a fetus is too small and dependent on adults and authorities for survival, killing it amounts to a cold blooded murder. In terms of religious views, children are the gift of god. Everything that happens in this world is because of the wishes of god. If he wants a child to be born, he will take care of it as well. To kill and destroy this gift from god is just defying god’s will. If providence has given, it shall arrange for it too. To make it simple, this means that a child has been brought on earth, he or she should deserve a chance to live a life, as who knows what plans god have for them.
While it cannot be said whether an abortion is an unforgivable act, it is definitely an unforgettable event. It plays havoc with the psychology and the future life of the entire family. The woman who abort have to cope with stress of knowing that she was a party in murdering her own children in cold blood. Surveys have shown by many experts that stress levels are higher in women who have undergone abortion as compared to other woman. Another factor why abortion should be illegal because it is against the Hippocratic Oath. Doctors and nurses who perform and abortion break the golden rule that they will do everything in their capacity to save a life. Aborting a baby is just the totally opposite of the oath. These were some reason against abortion. There are still many places where illegal abortions is still being practiced. Illegal abortion greatly increase the health-risk to the mother, apart from the above described situations. Illegal abortions may also be the cause of several type of infection and diseases. The effect of abortion on a woman can be catastrophic, but we also do understand where a woman is left with no choice, like in the cases of rape and incest. Abortion should be used only when there is no other type of contraception is not justified at all.
As we all know, abortion is illegal as a general rule in Malaysia and same goes to many other countries. The mother and the provider of the service can be charged according to penal act. Exception to this is for medical cause in which when the pregnancy would involve risk to the life of pregnant woman, or injury to the mental or physical health of the pregnant woman, greater than if the pregnancy were terminated. As for example, a rape case alone in not an indication for the legalization of undergo an abortion. However, if the pregnant mother of a rape case develop severe mental distress in which according to medical doctor could harm her in any aspect, therefore it is legal to perform abortion. There are three different indicators of legal abortion in Malaysia which includes any medical condition that can be worsened by pregnancy. Secondly, a pregnancy with fetus that is unlikely to survive like anencaphaly. This is not applied to any syndrome of congenital malformation in which the baby could not survive like down syndrome. Thirdly, a rape case in which the pregnancy would cause mental distress to the victim. Apart from these cause, it remains illegal.
So how is the act of abortion be done? There are two different type of abortion available, the abortion pill (also called medical abortion) and surgical abortion. The abortion pills involves taking medicines to end the pregnancy. Surgical abortion involves a minor operation either awake or asleep. Woman who are having a pragnency up to 9 weeks have to take medinices to cause an early miscarriage which may cause a heavy and more painful period as a side effect. The woman is required to visits the clinic at least twice. As for any woman who is having a pregnancy after 9 and less than 24 weeks which also prefer to take medication will take a medinice which cause the womb to contract and push out the pregnancy. Any pregnancy from 22 weeks are required to have an injection to the womb. In some cases, an overnight visit may be required at the second visit.
As for the surgical abortion, there are many other ways. Few of the surgical abortion include the RU-486, Suction-Aspiration, Dilation and Curettage (D and C), Dilation and Evacuation (D and E), Prostaglandin Abortion, Dialation and Extraction (D and X). Some of these surgical ways of abortion involves cold blooded action such as crushing the fetus skull or sucking out the brains in order for the baby to be carried out from the womb. Each of these ways of abortion has it’s own function in terms of size of the fetus, duration of the pregnancy and so on. All of these ways of surgical abortion will be explained more during the exhibition for people to acknowledge how cold blooded abortion is.
There are many short term and long term side effects that would happen to the women that undergo the abortion. Some of the facts about the most common abortion preocedures and their short term side effects are not well known. One of the most common type of abortion is the surgical method cacuum aspiration. For this abortion, the cervix is stretched with dilators. When it is open wide enough, the doctor will then insert a tube by hand into the uterus. He then attaches a syringe to the tube and the fetus is pulled apart and suctioned out into a collection container. This type of surgical abortion will lead to excessive bleeding, abdominal swelling, pelvic infection, uterine perforation, cervical tears, incomplete abortion and in extreme cases, it would lead to death of the mother and the fetus.
The other common way of abortion is by taking medicine. This ofcourse have side effect as well. Women who usually take medication would face certain side effects such as the risk of frequent uterine pain, excessive uterine bleeding, pelvic infection, ruptured ectopic pregnancy, incomplete abortion, vomiting, diarrhea, and in extreme case which would also lead to death. The risks for surgical versus medical are really difficult to be measured and weigh because the sources state that the risk are about equal.
There are also many long term effects for abortion. If a woman does not suffer from short term physical problems, it does not mean that it will not suffer from long term risk of side effects too. In fact, some of the long term effect might be worst than the short term. There are three major type of long term side effects. The first one would be substance abuse. Woman who have undergone an abortion tend to take on drugs and be addicted to it as drug would help them to relieve the stress or pain that is currently occurring on them. Secondly, they might have a high risk of getting cancer. This is due to the sudden drop in the level of estrogen secreted in a woman’s body. This drio causes a rapid growth in the number of cells in the breast tissue resulting in cancer cells to be formed. This risk of getting cancer is higher for woman who have had an abortion before the age of 18. Thirdly, one of the risk of abortion is secondary infertility. This means that a woman who has previously conceived a child is no longer able to get pregnant again. Abortion can both directly and indirectly affect fertility. Directly, a surgical abortion can cause scaring of the uterine. In addition, a small percent of pregnancies are ectopic. This means that the fertilized egg plants itself somewhere outside of the uterine cavity. A pregnancy test will still come up positive and a girl can go in to get an abortion. She will leave thinking that she is no longer pregnant, not to mention all of the damage that she undergoes having her uterine scraped out needlessly. If she does not recognize that she is still pregnant in time, her fallopian tube could rupture causing hemorrhage and making her infertile, if she survives. One way in which an abortion could indirectly affect fertility is through the risk of infection of the fallopian tubes. This situation is called salpingitis. Salpingitis greatly increases the risk of future pregnancies being tubal pregnancies. Some of the women which also never get another chance to have a baby. These three major log term side effects will be explained more during the exhibition as there are a lot more about it to be known.
In a nutshell, we as a morally and rational creature should be wise enough to know that abortion will bring more harm than to benefit for the individual and the society. Therefore, the seriousness of abortion should be spread around for public awareness so that one day, hopefully the rate of abortion would drop to a point of satisfaction for the people.