Good afternoon ladies and gentlemen, my speech for today is on Abortion. Firstly I am going to discuss the topic and then I will give illustrations of different methods of abortion. An abortion is the removal or expulsion of an embryo or fetus from the uterus, resulting in or caused by its death. This can occur spontaneously as a miscarriage, or be artificially induced by chemical, surgical or other means. "Abortion" can refer to an induced procedure at any point during human pregnancy; it is sometimes medically defined as either miscarriage or induced termination before the point of viability. Throughout history, abortion has been induced by various methods. The moral and legal aspects of abortion are subject to intense debate in many parts of the world.
Personal and social factors
On the reasons women seek to terminate their pregnancies concluded that common factors cited to have influenced the abortion decision were; desire to delay or end childbearing, concern over the interruption of work or education, issues of financial or relationship stability, and perceived immaturity. A 2004 study in which American women at clinics answered a questionnaire yielded similar results. In Finland and the United States, concern for the health risks posed by pregnancy in individual cases was not a factor commonly given; however, in Trinidad and Tobago health concerns were cited by women more frequently as reasons for having an abortion. 1% of women study became pregnant as a result of rape and 0.5% as a result of incest, 54% of women who had an abortion were using a form of contraception at the time of becoming pregnant while 46% were not. Inconsistent use was reported by 49% of those using condoms and 76% of those using oral contraception; 42% of those using condoms reported failure through slipping or breakage.
Abortion - Reasons Women Choose Abortion
In the United States, about 6 million women become pregnant per year. Half of all pregnancies are unintended, and of all births, about 1 in 10 newborns have been reported as "unwanted."
Each year, about 1.3 million American women have an abortion to end a pregnancy. This number reflects a declining abortion rate, in part because more women are using emergency contraception to prevent unintended pregnancy in the first days after unprotected sex.
The most common reasons women consider abortion are:
• Birth control (contraceptive) failure. Over half of all women who have an abortion used a contraceptive method during the month they became pregnant. • Inability to support or care for a child.
• To end an unwanted pregnancy.
• To prevent the birth of a child with birth defects or severe medical problems. such defects are often unknown until routine second-trimester tests are done. • Pregnancy resulting from rape or incest. Every year, about 13,000 women choose abortion after suffering rape or incest. • Physical or mental conditions that endanger the woman's health if the pregnancy is continued.
Some abortions are undergone as the result of societal pressures. These might include the stigmatization of disabled persons, preference for children of a specific sex, disapproval of single motherhood, insufficient economic support for families, lack of access to or rejection of contraceptive methods, or efforts toward population control (such as China's one-child policy). These factors can sometimes result in abortion or sex-selective abortion. In many areas, especially in developing nations or where abortion is illegal, women sometimes resort to "back-alley or back street " or self-induced procedures. The World Health Organization suggests that there are 19 million terminations annually which fit its criteria for an unsafe abortion.
About 30% of pregnant teens choose to have an abortion. About 60% of women...
Applegate- The Anatomy and Physiology Learning System (second edition)
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