Chapter 39 Terms to Know
* Stagflation: during the 60’s & 70’s, the U.S. was suffering from 5.3% inflation & 6% unemployment; refers to the unusual economic situation in which an economy is suffering both from inflation & from stagnation of its industrial growth. * Vietnamization: President Richard Nixon’s strategy for ending U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War, involving a gradual withdrawl of American troops & replacement of them with South Vietnamese forces. * Silent Majority: phrase used to describe people, whatever their economic status, who uphold traditional values, especially against the counterculture of the 1960’s. * Kent State: an Ohio University where National Guardsmen opened fire on students protesting the Vietnam War on May 4, 1970, wounding 9 & killing 4. * 26th Amendment: lowered the voting age from 21 to 18. * Pentagon Papers: Government documents that showed the public had been lied to about the status of the war in Vietnam. * Credibility Gap: opened between the government & the people due to the lack of faith in the government during the Vietnam War. * Détente: Kennedy’s realistic policy of peaceful coexistence with USSR. * SALT: negotiations between the U.S. & the U.S.S.R. opened in 1969 in Helsinki designed to limit both countries’ stock of nuclear weapons. * China: used China against USSR.
* The Warren Court: court took an activist stance, helping to shape national policy by taking a forceful stand on a number of key issues of the day. * The Burger Court: a conservative jurist appointed by Nixon that nonetheless continued the judicial activism of the Warren Court as seen by Roe v. Wade; this was due to the other members of the court rather than his own liberal beliefs. * Abortion: the removal of an embryo or fetus from the uterus in order to end a pregnancy. * Philadelphia Plan: required construction-trade unions working on the federal pay roll to establish “goals & timetables”...
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