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4p's Thesis

By arneldelsocorro Dec 03, 2012 2246 Words

A Thesis
Presented to
College of Education
Josefina H. Cerilles State College
Tambulig Campus

In Partial Fulfillment
Of the Requirements for the Degree
Of Bachelor in Elementary Education

Metchel A. Titoy
Merry lovelyn D. Celes
Jocelyn R. Berioso
Joan Perez
Vanbilly S. Betio

MARCH 2011

In partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree, Bachelor of Elementary Education, this thesis entitled COMPARISON OF THE ECONOMIC STATUS BEFORE AND AFTER THE IMPLEMENTATION OF PANTAWID PAMILYANG PILIPINO PROGRAM (4P’S) OF THE THIRTY (30) BENEFICIARIES OF BARANGAY CALOLOT, TAMBULIG, ZAMBOANGA DEL SUR, prepared and submitted by Metchel A. Titoy, Merry Lovelyn D. Celes, Jocelyn R. Berioso, Joan Perez and Vanbilly S. Betio is hereby recommended for approval.

_____________JALIS S. ALIM
Date Instructor

Approved as partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree, Bachelor of Elementary Education by the Dean of Student Affair.


Dean of Student Affair


The researchers would like to express their deepest gratitude and thanks to all persons involved in this study and who, in several ways, have contributed valued things, professional expertise and guidance, efforts and in moral, financial and spiritual support in making this work a tangible reality.

Grateful acknowledgment is due to Mr. Dennis Jay A. Colegado, Dean of Students Affair for his approval of this manuscript.

Pleasurable thanks are due to their instructor, Mrs. Jalis S. Alim, for her patience, guidance, corrections and advice regarding this study, for her corrections on the statistical data, and for her review and suggestions.

We also wish to acknowledge a debt of gratitude to Merry Lovelyn Celes, who helped much in typing the manuscript. To the Barangay Captain of Calolot, Hon. Wilma Berioso for permitting us to conduct the study in her barangay and to the respondents for their cooperation.

Deep appreciation is likewise extended to their beloved classmates: Melanie Delposo, Jecel Balignot, Himaya Eve Yorong, Gladdys Mae Heyrana and Chellame Pelayo, for their encouragement and advice to have perseverance in doing the research work.

To their beloved parents/ guardian Mr. Pelegio Titoy and Mrs. Juliet Titoy, Engr. Carmencita Betio Esmelia, Mr. Rolando Celes Jr. and Dr. Jeanelyn Aleman, husband Mr. Calcher Berioso, Ivy S. Betio and Mrs. Cherlie Alcorin, grandmothers, aunts, uncles, cousins, and relatives, for their inspirational guidance, financial support, prayers, and encouragement which motivated the researchers to push through despite the numerable problems they encountered.

Above all, to the Almighty Father who enlightened and guided the researchers during the conduct of the study for without Him, this piece of work would not have been made possible.

The Researchers


As Tambulignons, it is the desire of the researchers to gain insight on the economic status of the 4P’s beneficiaries in Calolot, Tambulig, Zamboanga del Sur before and after the implementation of the Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program.

The main concern of this study is to compare the economic status before and after the implementation of the said program on the thirty (30) beneficiaries of Brgy. Calolot, Tambulig, Zamboanga del Sur. The information was gathered from March 03 to March 04, 2011 and the interpretation of data and organization of the manuscript were done until May 30, 2011.

Specifically, it endeavors to answer the following questions:

1. What are the effects of 4P’s implementation to the selected beneficiaries of Brgy. Calolot? 2. Is there any improvement on their economic status after the implementation? 3. Does the 4P’s Program eradicate the poverty experienced by the respondents?

The hypothesis which guided the researchers in this investigation are:

1. The Calolot 4P’s beneficiaries improve their way of living. 2. They can purchase immediately their basic needs.
3. Vices are eliminated.

To achieve the purpose of this investigation, the descriptive survey method was used. To gather the data, questionnaire was employed.

In analyzing the data, the frequency counts, percentages and ranks were used. The percentage was used to determine the improvement of the economic condition after the implementation of 4P’s.

An analysis of the tabulated data revealed that majority of the respondents had attained great improvements after the implementation of Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program (4P’s). Their economic condition got even better as well as their usual way of living. From the findings the following conclusions were drawn.

* Many respondents had minimized experiencing rice shortage. Children were taking supplementary vitamins. Eating meals thrice a day became more consistent and preparing meat viands twice a week were achieved by ?????? of the respondents.

* More children were sent to attend formal education. Almost all of the respondents were able to pay school fees on time; school supplies for their children had been provided as well as school uniforms and other school needs. Children attended school regularly and had increased their attendance as they always have an allowance in going to school.

* In clothing, children of the respondents were provided descent clothes to wear as well as foot wears.

* Beneficiaries do not merely depend on the benefits from the 4P’s so they still work to raise income for the family and some cling to their usual work or occupation and some change their usual work after the 4P’s.

* Money quarrel had also been minimized by the couples as well as money shortage. Vices such as gambling were also controlled as well as drinking of alcoholic beverages.


Title………………………………………………………………………………………1 Approval Sheet……………………………………………………………………………………………………2 Acknowledgment……………………………………………………………………………………………………3 Abstract………………………………………………………………………………………4 List of Tables……………………………………………………………………………………………………5 Chapter

I. Introduction…………………………………………………………………………………………6 Background of the Study----------------------7
Statement of the Problem-----------------8
Significance of the Study-----------------9
Scope & Limitations of the Study------------11
Definition of Terms……………………………………………………………12

II. Review of Related Literature
III. Research Design
IV. Presentation & Analysis of Data
Before the Implementation of Pantawid
Pamilyang Pilipino Program (4P’s)

After the Implementation of Pantawid
Pamilyang Pilipino Program (4P’s)

Comparison of Before & After the
Implementation of 4P’s

V. Summary, Conclusions and Recommendation

* Questionnaire
Biographical Data



This chapter presents the background of the study, statement of the problem, significance of the study, hypothesis, scope and limitations of the study, and definition of terms.


Knowing the economic condition of the beneficiaries before the program could determine how much improvements were achieved by the respondents as the 4P’s come into their lives. Thru looking in the comparison of the economic status of the beneficiaries in two separate times, progress therefore could be specified and directly measured in terms of the changes the beneficiaries have achieved after the effect of the program.

The real scenarios before the coming of the program in the world of the poor beneficiaries was really a tragedy in the first glimpse but for them those scenes were just very ordinary as they appear in a daily basis. Feeling the pitiful conditions of most Filipinos who belonged to the poorest of the poor life state was a great pinch to the heart of an observer. By looking on the factual evidences, prior to the implementation of 4P’s one could then realized how much progress was obtained and how much had been contributed by the program to the intended beneficiaries. The quality of life and living of every Filipino citizen within the poorest economic state suggest that these must be an action of the government to at least ease the extreme difficulty they have felt. 4P’s is one of the innovations of the current administration to fight the high rate of poverty in the country today, an initiative that is hoped to eradicate extreme poverty in the Philippines.

To determine how far and how much good wave the program had brought to the intended beneficiaries, there must be a review on the previous condition of the members to connect with the current condition they have with the effect of the 4P’s. Despite of the controversies the program is facing nowadays, having a clear insight on the previous economic conditions of the beneficiaries is a need to justify the effectiveness of the program in battling poverty in the country.

Specifically, the program aims to achieve the following goal and objectives:

a. To promote human capital development among poor families, especially children, to break the intergenerational cycle of poverty. b. To improve the health condition of children age 0-14 years old. c. To improve the maternal health of pregnant and lactating mothers. d. To raise consumption of nutrient dense foods among poor households; e. To increase enrolment of children in elementary/ high school.


This study was conducted to compare the economic status of the thirty (30) beneficiaries in Barangay Calolot, Tambulig, Zamboanga del Sur before and after the implementation of Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program.

It is designed to answer the following questions:

1. What are the effects of 4P’s implementation to the selected beneficiaries of Barangay Calolot? 2. Is there any improvement on their economic status after the implementation? 3. Does the 4P’s program eradicate the poverty experienced by the respondents?


This survey of the economic status of the selected respondents is important in the following ways:

1. Determine the economic condition of the respondents before and after the implementation of 4P’s. 2. Present the contribution of 4P’s as an act of eradicating extreme poverty in the country.


Research Hypothesis
1. The beneficiaries improve their way of living.
2. They can purchase immediately their basic needs.
3. Vices are eliminated.


This study was conducted on March 03 to March 04, 2011 involving 30 4P’s beneficiaries in Barangay. Calolot, Tambulig, Zamboanga del Sur. The place was chosen for the study because most of the 4P’s beneficiaries of the municipality reside in the said Barangay and they met the qualifications to be the recipient of this program.


For better understanding of the study, some terms are defined:

It is the acronym for the program, PANTAWID PAMILYANG
PILIPINO PROGRAM. A program of DSWD, is a poverty reduction strategy

Conditional Cash Transfer. A program which aim to reduce poverty by making welfare programs conditional upon the receivers' actions.

As used in the study, recipients of funds or other benefits. Citizens who receive government assistance.

To get rid of as if by tearing up by the roots.
Syn. (abolish, eliminate)

Typically seeks to ascertain respondents’ perspective or experiences on a specified subject in a predetermined structured manner.

It is the acronym for the agency, Department of Social Welfare and Development.

It is a possibility that an observed effect is genuine. Ha, is usually the hypothesis for which the researchers.

Benefits paid to bring incomes up to minimum levels established by law.

It is used to describe a situation where information on household or individual characteristics correlated with welfare levels is used in a formal algorithm to proxy household income, welfare or need. FIES:

It is the acronym for Family Income and Expenditures Survey. It is a nationwide survey of households undertaken every three years by the National Statistics Office (NSO); It is conducted simultaneously with the quarterly Labor Force Survey (LFS). The FIES gathers data on family income and family living expenditures and related information affecting income and expenditure levels and patterns in the Philippines.



The researchers utilized the descriptive survey method in gathering data and information necessary to accomplish the purpose of this descriptive investigation. A survey of the economic status of the 4P’s beneficiaries was made using the checklist instrument. The instrument was made by the researchers.


The researchers administered the questionnaire to the respondents personally on March 03 to March 04, 2011. A letter of introduction obtained from the Dean of Student Affair and Mrs. Jalis S. Alim was presented to the barangay captain.

During the interview, the questions were done in the Visayan Tongue to ensure the respondents appropriateness of the responses and to encourage them to answer the questions. They were made to understand that their answering of the questions would not, in any way, affect or prejudice them. They were assured that the information they reveal will be kept confidential, and if they will answer all questions frankly and as honestly as they can their responses will lead to the findings of the study that can serve as basis for determining the program’s effectivity in reducing extreme poverty. helping them arrive at a decision of planning of their family based on their capacity.


In analyzing the data, frequency counts, percentages were used. The percentage was used to determine the improvement of the economic condition after the implementation of 4P’s on the respondents.

The computation of the percentage is:

P = x


x = the number of respondents who answered the category.

N = total number of respondents



This chapter presents in three parts the results of the data gathered in this investigation. Part I deals with the results of tabulation before the program was implemented; Part II, tabulation of the results after the 4P’s was implemented , Part III deals on the comparison of the two tables based from selected scores of the uncategorized needs of the respondents on how this poverty reduction program increase the economic living of thirty (30) beneficiaries.


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