Unit 4222-371 Understanding and enable positive interaction and communication with individuals who have dementia Outcome 1 Understand the factors that can affect interaction and communication of individuals with Dementia 1 Explain how different forms of dementia may affect the way an individual communicates Alzheimer's disease is a combination of genetic and environmental factors which during the course of the disease a number of chemical and structural changes happen within the brain. Alzheimer's disease develops very slowly several years its is not always detected at first but early signs are difficulty in forming new memories but some people may experience lauauage or spatial difficulties early signs of alzheimer's are normally forgetting faces, names or recent events, putting items in odd places, forgetting where they have put them, or put in odd places, getting confusued about the time of day, when if differant environment getting confused about where they are, getting lost, forget words or what they are about to say, a change to their mood or behavior which is not normally them such as apathy, being irritated or lost of their confidence. Alzheimer's will get worse over time but if differs from person to person. As a person's Alzheimer's gets worse their ability to remember to think, or make decisions worsens, their communication and language become more difficult. Some people become sad or depressed their behaviour may change. Phobias or anxieties are common or experience hallucinations , see things that are not they or people who are not they, Their feel angry or become agitiated. They sleep pattern changes or problems with sleeping or restlessness at night. Become unsteady on thier feet or fall more often. Need more help with the daily living skills eg: making themselves something to eat forget how to use cooker, micowave or personal care eg: dressing, toileting or eating. Vascular Dementia This is caused by a problem with the blood supply to the brain. This is where the blood to the brain becomes blocked or damaged and the oxygenated blood will not beable to reach brain cells so they will eventually die. Symptoms will be pend on which part of the brain has been affected and how much of the brain has been damaged. Some people have both Alzheimer's and Vascular dementia. Vascular Dementia is all so called Vascular Cognitive impairment. The most common types are : Stroke - related dementia mulit infarct dementia (MID) this is whrere a series of small strokes happens this also includes dementia after a stroke had happened called post-stroke dementia. Subcortical vascular dementia- this is also called Binswanger's disease which are small vessel's related to dementia or lacunar state. This happens when small blood vessesls change in the brain. Vascular and Alzheimer's have similar symptoms like mermory loss, disorientation and problems with communcation. Symptoms may differ depending on the area of the brain that has been affected Some of the symptoms are becoming slower to think, a changes in someones personality eg: becoming depress or apathy, not being interested in any thing, the person being more emtional, having diffculty or changes in walking. having bladder problems or wanting to urinate more. Vascular dementia becomes worse over time this can be over several years but this may differ from person to person. They could be a sudden or stepwise changes after a stroke or other events.
Dementia with Lewy Bodies- Lewy bodies dementia is a common cause of dementia the symptoms include memory loss, spatial awareness problems and a deline in problem solving skills. These symptoms are similar to Alzheimer's and Parkinson's. This is where people with this type of dementia have small, spherical structures are inside the cells of brain these are called Lewy bodies. By stopping important chemicals to the brain stops it from working these are called acetylcholine and dopamine when...
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