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19th century

By rjclintag Jan 05, 2014 444 Words
19th century: period of growing consciousness, restlessness which promulgated the formation of two major movements Propaganda Movement (failed)
Revolutionary Movement (replaces the PM)

Leaders:
Jose Rizal
Marcelo H. Del Pilar
Lopez Jaena
Members:
Pedro Paterno
Ponce
Panganiban
Antonio Luna
*They worked for the Philippines’ assimilation as a Spanish province and equal treatment of the Filipinos as for the Spaniards

*Writings in this period cannot be called literature except for the novels and poems of Rizal. *The writings were a big part in developing sense of nationhood among the Filipinos *Propaganda literature was centered on the writings of Rizal *He and Paterno changed the concept of “Filipino” to Spanish mestizos, Chinese mestizos, and Hispanized Indios

Sampaguitas
-Poems by Paterno in the 1880a
-Beginning of national consciousness
-Ninay – first novel (enlisted in nationality)

Diariong Tagalog
-Bulk of Filipino writings
-Spanish-Tagalog newspaper which publication signaled the open campaign for reforms

Essays
-Developed during the campaign for reforms in the last quarter of the 19th century -Provided impetus by PM

La Solidaridad
-1889 was the official mouthpiece of the Reform Movement
-Essays in this paper became P-S literature’s significant contribution to Philippine literature Su Excelencia, Senor Don Vicente Barrantes (Rizal) – humor was used as a weapon on his attack Asimilacion de Filipinas (del Pilar) – coolly, rational and dispassionate analysis of the issue of assimilation

Other imp works:
Noli Me Tangere – social conditions, defects, beliefs, hopes, desires of the Filipinos (novel of society) El Filibusterismo – exposed the evils of the govt and church for the memory of Gomburza (novel of politics)

Two phases of the Revolutionary Period:
1.Revolutions were written in Tagalog (Boni and Jacinto).
Pag-ibig sa Tinubuang Lupa and Pahimakas were Boni’s poems and he translated Mi Ultimo Adios. Jacinto edited and contributed on Kalayaan and wrote Liwanang at Dilim 2.Phil-American War was marked by the appearance of serious essays mostly written by Mabini (El Verdadero Decalogo is his most imp work)

First Republic
-Filipino writers wrote in Spanish
-But tagalog was used for rebellion

End of 19th century
-Literature was religious
-Great bulk of secural literature: oral tradition and in manuscripts (poems, plays, songs)

Pre-war period
1.Period of Apprenticeship
Literature
-Writers imitated american and English writers were introduced by Thomasites -UP Folio (1910)- embodiment of the early attempts of Filos at self expression in English (18 first folio, 13 essays, 3 short stories, two poems) -Dean and Harriet Fansier – made students use native materials as subject -Philippine Herald (1920) – was Filipino daily in English -Pura Santillan-Castrence – fiction during this period was mostly made up of ghost storiesor folk tales explaining natural phenomena

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