There were four key European countries that colonized North America. Read about these countries below and then contrast their economic reasons for colonizing on a graphic organizer.
Several European countries followed the trip made by Columbus in search of new trade routes to Asia. They ended up colonizing North America for different economic reasons. Spain colonized America because they were searching for gold and silver. They did find a lot of gold and silver when they conquered the Aztec and Inca Empires.
France colonized North America because of the great amount of furs they found there. The French traded with the Indians for furs that they then took back and sold in Europe because people were willing to pay a lot of money for furs in Europe.
The Dutch (from the Netherlands) started a city in America called New Amsterdam. The English later took over the city and renamed it New York. The Dutch were merchants (businessmen) and wanted to set up a city that would be an international city of business and trade. The fur trade was the first business in New Amsterdam. New York City is still an international trade center today (It was the World Trade Center in New York that the terrorists flew into).
The English colonized North America for several different economic reasons. Basically, they found goods that had a market in Europe. The English that settled New England found timber that was great for building ships. The English that settled the middle colonies of New York and Pennsylvania found good farmland that was great for growing food that could be sold in Europe. Finally, the English that colonized the southern colonies found that area was good for growing cash crops like tobacco.
1: EQ2 – What religious reasons caused Europeans to colonize North America?
There were four key European countries that colonized North America. Read about these countries below and then