‘Effects of Globalization and Cross-Cultural Experiences in Education Sector’ Introduction
I wonder if we can assume that the growing trend of people choosing to study abroad is a consequence of globalization. Furthermore I am interested in understanding the globalized educational culture and its’ associated issues on a local and international basis. The main objective of my research is to acquire as much information as possible and develop extensive knowledge of the research subject. Therefore employing a mixed method approach seemed appropriate. Going forward using a flexible investigatory technique through combined deployment of systematic research review and documentary research, could enable addressing a wide range of research questions and quantitative analysis as well as qualitative study of the research data gathered. Henceforth implementing a pragmatist approach, following Onwuegbuzie and Leech (2005) account ‘pragmatists are simply those who learn to utilize and to appreciate both quantitative and qualitative research’ (Robson, 2011:171). Research Questions:
* What are the effects of international student’s influx on local students and higher educational institutions, in terms of annual openings and introduction of foreign cultures in the educational system? * Has the concept of globalization encouraged cross-cultural integration to reduce challenges faced by the international students? Research methods: ‘Systematic review’ and ‘Documentary research’ Use of documentary research alongside the systematic research review presents an opportunity for empirical research, allowing me to assemble data providing additional material needed for triangulation. Although the two techniques are essentially different in nature and application, for instance various research studies to be assessed in a systematic review would be a product of primary research whilst the documents to be studied might not have been produced for any research purposes. Robson explains, ‘systematic reviews are a specific way of identifying and synthesizing research evidence’ and Gough, associating systematic research reviews to scientific methods, clearly indicates that the epistemology of systematic reviews is “Objectivist” and the theoretical perspective as “Positivist” or “Post-positivist”. On the other hand documents mainly represent facts (quantitative content) or people’s understanding and interpretation of their social environment (qualitative content), thus the associated epistemology could be “Positivistic” or “Subjectivist”, depending on the nature of the documents. Similarly the theoretical perspective could be referred as “Realistic” or “Post-structuralist” respectively. In spite of this being a contrasting combination, I feel it serves the purpose since the qualitative aspects I wish to investigate can only be revealed through the analysis of research studies with similar characteristics, whilst quantitative data can be collected mostly by searching through relevant documents and some to be found in research studies. So the focus is on gathering as much relevant information as possible. The table below shows how the two research methods are employed in relation to the research questions. Table 1: Measures applicable to the Research Questions?
| Research Methods
| Research Methods
| Number of educational institutions offering programmes for international students
| Statistical analysis of data from systematic review of relevant studies and analysis of relevant documents
| Awareness of globalization
| Systematic review
| Growth of international students
| Trend of studying abroad
| Number of incidents of locals protesting against foreign cultures
| Universities trying to keep a balance between openings for international student and local students
| Number of cross-cultural programmes offered by universities
| Knowledge of foreign cultures
| Number of...
References: * Denscombe M. (2010), The Good Research Guide: For small-scale research projects, Fourth Edition, Open University Press.
* Sarantakos S
* Dowling P. & Brown A. (2010), Doing Research/ Reading Research, Second Edition, Routledge, London
* Cohen L
* Research Methods, ‘Unit 5 Systematic Reviews by Rees R. (2007).’- Lecture Pack, Institute of education, University of London
* Research Methods, ‘Unit 6 Documentary Research by Cowan S
* Robson C. (2011), Real World Research, - Third Edition, Wiley, United Kingdom
* May (2003), Perspectives on Social scientific Research.
* Creswell (2007), Philosophical, Paradigm, and Interpretive Frameworks
* Punch (2006), A General Framework for Developing Proposals
* Bryman A. (2012), Social Research Methods, Fourth Edition, Oxford University Press
* Crotty M
The two methodologies I selected for my review process are ‘Use of a protocol & Strategies for comprehensive searching that also reduce biases inherent in publication (Rees, 2007:73&74).
Author | Advantages | Author | Disadvantages |
Rees, 2007:70 | Systematic reviews have the potential to produce fuller, more nuanced analyses of social phenomena
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