“What are the main causes for food insecurity today? Outline and evaluate 2 or 3 possible solutions to food insecurity problems.”
From ancient times to today’s globalized world every day we need food to survive. That is why food standards and security are very important issues for living normal healthy life. In some areas like Africa there is food and water shortage. The lack of water and productive land cause poor life standards of people living in these areas and they are unable to provide food for themselves. That process is called food insecurity. It is reason for diseases and eventually sudden death for hundreds of thousands of people. Many policies have been made from the most developed countries in order to help to reduce world’s hunger and improve life standards in areas like Africa where that is a major problem. Main reason for the poor status of people living there is caused by food and economic crises. According to FAO (2007, p.19) a record amount of forty-seven countries have faced food crises which require aid from other countries. In addition from 1993 to 2000 the number of countries facing food hunger annually has significantly increased from 15 to 25. Over the last 20 years the amount of people has grown with almost 20 percent or 80 million but has decreased compared to the percentage of overall population. The high price of food affected almost 923 million chronically hungry people in 2007 as can be seen in the graph below.
In 2008 it is likely the amount of these people to increase even more because the price of cereal and crops is expected to rise. The higher rates of undernourishment are mostly seen in countries with structural shortage where the levels of incomes are undersized. The percentage about food imports of low-income food deficit countries or LIFDCs has doubled for a year if we look at the statistics provided for the twelve-month period between 2007 and 2008. If we scrutinize numbers, the total amount would...
Bibliography: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), 2008, The State of Food Insecurity of the world <http://fao.org/publications/sofi/en>, <http://fao.org/docrep/013/i1683e/i1683e.pdf>, [Accessed 5 September, 2011]
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