Three lenses on organisational analysis and practice

Topics: Organization, Knowledge, Tacit knowledge Pages: 0 (302 words) Published: September 8, 2014
Three Lenses on organizational analysis and action

Personal Schemas
A schema is a cognitive structure that represents organized knowledge about a given concept or type of stimulus. Contains both attributes of concept and relationship among the attributes. Give us an approach to repeated situtations and free up our minds for other complex activities Without schema every task would be a monumental new project. Ex. Experienced ppl have developed unwritten schemas (specialized human capital or tacit knowledge that makes them particularly valuable and difficult to replace)

Outdated schemas : men are doctors / women nurses

Cons
Outdated
Resistant to change
Become universal rules
Schemas are incomplete

3 Lenses
Strategic Design Lens
Political Lens
Cultural Lens

Strategic Design Lens: look at how flow of tasks and info is designed, how ppl are sorted into roles, how these roles are related, how organization can be rationally optimized to achieve its goals

Political Lens: how power and influence are distributed and wielded, how multiple stakeholders express their preferences and get involved in decisions, and how conflicts can be resolved

Cultural Lens: How history has shaped the assumptions and meanings of different people, how certain practices take on special meaningfulness and even become rituals.

Strategic Design Lens

Fundamental assumption is that the appropriate design, given an organization’s strategy and environment, can maximize organizational efficiency and effectiveness. Strategic grouping (differentiation) creating links across those boundaries thru strategic linking (integration) and aligning other elements of the organization (such as rewards and incentives)

Task interdependence varies from low to high and also varies in terms of the kind of interdependence. 3 types – sequential interdependence (one task is completed, then handed off for next stage) pooled interdependence (when...
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