Supreme Court's Rule of Reason

Topics: Woodrow Wilson, William Howard Taft, Theodore Roosevelt Pages: 3 (1186 words) Published: February 14, 2013
1. Supreme Court’s Rule of Reason- The United States Supreme Court created the Rule of Reason as the basic principle in regards to anti-trust cases. It was created as a result of the Standard Oil Company of New Jersey v the United States. The government tried Standard Oil due to violation of the Sherman Anti-Trust Act. They claimed it had used its powers to prevent other oil companies from being created. After this, it became a principle of the time period, on a case by case basis to determine if a company was being just. 2. Educational and political career of Woodrow Wilson (chronology) and origins- Once his father became a minister of the First Presbyterian Church, the family moved to Augusta, Georgia. In 1870, his family moved to Columbia, South Carolina, and then to Wilmington, North Carolina, in 1874. Later in life, Dr. Woodrow Wilson, a mild conservative turned militant progressive. Beginning professional life as an academic lecturer, in 1902 he became the president of Princeton University. He entered politics in 1910 when New Jersey bosses, needing a candidate for governorship, offered him the cherished nomination. To their utter dismay, Wilson was able to wage a passionate reform campaign in which he promised the return of the state government to the people. Once governor, he thrived. 3. Democratic Platform in 1912-In 1912, the Democrats nominated Dr. Woodrow Wilson, a once-mild conservative turned progressive on the 46th ballot. The Democratic ticket would run under a platform named, “New Freedom” which would include several progressive reforms. 4. Woodrow Wilson’s “New Freedom” program vs Roosevelt’s “New Nationalism”- Roosevelt’s New Nationalism was inspired by Herbert Croly’s The Promise of American life. It stated that the government should control the bad trusts while leaving the good trusts free and alone to operate). Wilson’s opposing policy referred to as the “New Freedom” program stated that all trusts should be broken up (favoring...
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