Sociology Final Exam Review
Role conflict- The conflict that occurs when individuals try to play two roles that are in conflict Nuclear family- a family group consisting only of a mother and father living with their children Kinship- a family relationship based on what a culture considers to be a family Confederates- People who are members of an experimental team although not everyone in the experiment may know it Norms- Customary types of behaviour; specific rules that outline was considered to be standard behaviour for a role Values- The beliefs of a group that provide standards for members behaviour Fictive kinship- The practice of acknowledging kin people who are not biologically related Actors- The term used by social scientists for people who become active participants in given situations Bystanders- a person who was present at an event without participating in it Inclusionism- branch of sociology; Sociologists must recognize the ethnic diversity within societies by studying the experiences of all ethnic groups and rejecting the urge to judge through the eyes of the majority Classical conditioning- The term used to refer to the stimulus response training pioneered by Russian psychologist Ivan Pavlov Patrilineal- a method of tracing and organizing families through the father's line Sociology- Social science discipline that looks at the development and structure of human society and how it works Methods used by sociologists- Collection and analysis of stats, subject interviews, examination of trends in society, engage in systematic and scientific investigations of the structures and interactions in society Social scientists methods to gather information- Surveys, experiments, observation, interviews, dad analysis, case studies Mean- Refers to the average of a sum of numbers in a series
Mode- The number which occurs most frequently in a series
Median- Refers to the middle number within an ordered sequence of numbers Range- Measures the difference between the mean and each number in the set of numbers Psychologists study- Examines peoples feelings, thoughts and personality development Sociologists study- Looks at the development and structure of human society and how it works Sigmund Freud (id, ego, superego)- Founder of psychoanalytic theory, believe that our early childhood experiences with parents and family are stored in our unconscious mind, these unconscious memories have a powerful influence on the way we work, Freud and his followers develop techniques to identify memories stored in the unconscious mind and how they affect patient behaviour, Freud felt sexual satisfaction/frustration was the key element in personality development (id: Encourages us to seek physical satisfaction for example sexual and nutritional, ego: referees between the id and the superego, superego: Encourages us to do the moral thing) Maslow's hierarchy of needs- basic survival needs (food, clothing, shelter); personal safety; security, love and esteem; self-actualization (The final stage of human needs, in which a person integrates the self, making the personality whole) Goal of behavioural and social sciences- The social sciences use research and analysis to explain human behaviour, they are concerned with what people think and how they act
Anti-social personality disorder: Category of mental disorder, characterized by a habitual pattern of rule breaking and harming others. Psychoses: The category of mental disorder in which the patient has lost touch with the real world, and may suffer from delusions or hallucinations Neuroses: The category of mental disorder in which the patient has feelings of high levels of anxiety or tension in managing our daily lives Surveillance cameras: supposedly to protect us, try to make us conform Paranoia- a category of mental disorder in which the patient suffers from irrational thoughts of persecution or foreboding Systematic discrimination- Describes a system that favours one or...
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