Psychology, Sociology, Anthropology

Topics: Sociology, Psychology, Institution Pages: 9 (2808 words) Published: July 5, 2012
-What are the areas of study for anthropology, psychology and sociology? Anthropology: In social or cultural anthropology the areas of study focus on linguistics and archaeology. In physical anthropology the areas of study focus on biological anthropology, primatology and forensic anthropology. Psychology: The main areas of study involve biological psychology, psychoanalytic psychology, behavioural psychology, humanistic psychology, evolutionary psychology and sociocultural psychology. Also superstitions and how the brain functions. Sociology: The main areas of study involve medicine, organization, globalization, social movements and behaviours, social satisfaction, social identity and social institutions. - How can anthropology, psychology and sociology help you view the world differently? Anthropology: Anthropology helps me view the world in a position where I understand how people work physically and culturally. Psychology: Psychology helps me view the world from the perspective that I understand how people work mentally and what causes behaviours. Sociology: Sociology helps me understand the socialization of the world and their institutions.

-Describe some differences and similarities in the approaches taken by anthropology, psychology and sociology to the concept of self in relation to others. All three are related to culture which relates to being members of society. Anthropology approaches the concept of self in relation to others by looking into how people take part in society physically and culturally. Psychology approaches the concept by looking into how people work mentally and how they grow up socially with their institutions. They depend on genetics and environment. Sociology approaches this concept by looking into how people interact in general and how institutions take a huge part in this process. •Clyde Klluchohn and Alfred Krober are anthropologist who listed 161 different definitions of culture over 50 years ago.

Chapter 1

-What mental abilities distinguish humans from other species? Humans have the ability to reason and solve problems. Also we humans have personalities and characteristics that make us unique. -How do human groupings differ from other species?

In the human groupings there are norms, traits and values required.

-Identify and assess the major influences that contribute to an individual’s personal and social development. The major influences that contribute to an individual’s personal and social development include institutions, culture, values, traits and norms. -Explain why behaviour varies depending on the context and on the individuals involved. It all depends on the context of the situations because there are different reactions to different situations and depending on the individual there could be one situation that happens to two individuals and they could both have a separate reaction. It depends on how they were raised and the environment they are used to. - Explain the role of socialization in the development of the individual. Socialization is a major asset in the development of an individual because it helps them develop mentally and adapt to society. They have to be socially adapted to the norms and values required.

Charles Darwin was a British scientist from 1831 who travelled the world visiting South America, Australia and many islands in the Pacific Ocean. He discovered many things and developed the theory named the natural selection which is the process by which animals and plants best adapt to their environment to survive and produce similar offspring.

Chapter 2
-What characteristics of communication are related to cultural environment? The language you speak; the manner in which you speak. The body gestures you use. The emotions you demonstrate. The tone and dialect you chose to use. Also the lexicon and vocabulary, the rules you follow the grammar outlining and the proper use of terms. These all have to do...
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