ANTA01 Essay

Topics: Archaeology, Anthropology, Evolution Pages: 3 (752 words) Published: October 28, 2014
Key Terms:
1.Evolution: A change in the genetic structure of a population from one generation to the next. Also refers to the appearance of a new species 2.Anthropology: A field of study that looks at human culture and evolutionary aspects of human biology (genetics, anatomy, etc.); including cultural anthropology, archaeology, linguistics, and physical anthropology 3.Scientific Method: An approach to research anthropologist use to identify a problem. A hypothesis is stated, and is tested through the collection and analysis of data. 4.Biocultural Evolution: The mutual interactive evolution of human biology and culture; the concept that biology makes culture possible and that developing culture further influences the direction of biological evolution; a basic concept in understanding the unique components of human evolution. 5.Culture: A set of learned behaviors that is transmitted from one generation to the next through learning and not by biological or genetic means 6.Species: A group of organisms that can interbreed to produce fertile offspring 7.Society: A group of people that share a common culture

8.Enculturation: The process by which individuals, generally as children, learn the values and beliefs of family, peer groups, and society in which they are raised 9.Adaptation: Functional response of organisms from populations to environment; as a result of evolutionary change epically natural selection 10.Enlightenment: 18th century philosophical movement in western Europe that assumed a knowable order to the natural world and the interpretive value of reason as the primary means of identifying and explaining this order 11.Ethnographies: Detailed descriptive studies of human societies. In cultural anthropology, ethnography is traditionally the study of non western societies 12.Paleoanthropology: The interdisciplinary approach to the study of earlier hominins- their chronology, physical structure, archaeological remains, habitats, etc. 13....
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