Overt → Seen Action
Covert → Action not seen such as day dreaming
Observation → Hypothesis
No remorse ( No conscience )
We have senors in our brain that tells us to stop before we do something that will cause remorse
Optimism → rewires brain to be more positive
1879 weant was the first person who decided to study human behavior in the lab World War 1 & 2 → important for the public to be supportive/ tried to convince the public to be supportive using psychological methods
Stimulation. Intervinal. Response
Knowledge – What we know, What we know we don’t know, We don’t know what we don’t know Organism Stimulation – Personal Identifiable characteristics, Internal psychology ( everything internal that triggers feelings), External ( everything outside of the body) Response Stimulations – Past occurrences that effect our present mind
#1 killer in america is the lack of proper diet and exercise
Sigman Froid → to understand human behavior you have to accept the notion that what drives our behavior is irrational, pyscho sexual nature …. show me the child from 0-5 and il show you the adult
Behaviorism → if you want to understand human beings you have to understand that we are the same, we learn by clear laws of learning, everything we do is manipulated and controlled by laws of learning, Most powerful learning is the notion is that we do what we do because of the positive outcome (Motivation)
Behavior followed by positive consequence
cognitive psych → what most influences our behavior is what we think.
Depression is self demeaning → futility, hopelessness, suffering
Carl Roberts, Humes
Humanists – most positive. They believe that we all by nature are goodness and we all what to self actualize which means to me all that we can become ( today is the first day of the rest of your life)
unconditional reagard, conditional regard.
Society wants us to be good in culture.
Phenomenal logical No one sees the world the way you do.
Pyscho biological school of thought- nervous system, medical
Belmental psychology- the field that tracks from birth to death the unfolding of genetic patterns
sociocultural – reports that a major influence on us is our culture.
Chapter One Review For Test
Covert → Day Dreaming, Cant observe
Goals of Pysch
To understand behavior, Benifiting of understanding is for better interations, leads to prediciting the future of their behavior. Predicition leads to controlling
As people we would like to be able to control other people to have a certain outcome from them so we benefit
Understand → Predict → Control
7 schools of theory
Behavior → conditioning, stimulation Response
People can suffer the death of a relationship unconsciously.
Pyscho analytic / dynamic view, frioud → internal unconscious impulsive, irrational
Humanistic → free will , master of self,
Congnopyschology – can change someones thoughts
Applied research – put in practice, practical application of research basic research – to find the truth in the universe
common sense reasoning – not proven,
Naturalistic obersvation – watching the natural enviorment. Cannot prove cause and effect
People who are closer in age have more sucessful relationships
experiments- , indipendant/ controlled. → proves cause and effect
Independant – possible cause
Dependant - reaction
placebo- no effect,
Single blind tec- subjects have no sight into whats happening
Case study – person who is different.
Consider source of the information that is shared.
Ethics in research -
Deiffiniation of pyschology – the stufy of scientific study of behavior and mental process
bipolar – clinical
psychiatry – medical
imperical study - measurable data . Objective
hypothesis – educated guess
people changing over time as a result of enviorment – developmental response stimulation
The halo effect – when someone has a characterisic , we tend to believe since they have that one quality that they have many other qualitues.
Does the publics support or lack of support influence the reasearch . Does the fieled of pysch share subject matter with other fields- medicine, sociology , management
ww1 and ww2 lead to pysch studies
its not what you study, its how you study
Oral Stage - ( Infants) oral behaviors serve the purpose of getting rid of the inner frustration
Anal Stage - ( 2 years) Toilet training, represents transition from the id to the ego.. Rational contract with civilization. Conscious control of bodily functions.
Phallic Stage – Frued . Determins our sexual preference. 5 years old. Child becomes very pyscho sexualy attracted to parents to the opposite sex.
Latency stage – pre puberty- all thughts or feelings psychocosexual thoughts go away.
Genital stagve – after puberty – the only time a human being can truly relate to another human being.
Honey moon phase – > death of an illusion
Frued - (Dreams are the window the to unconsious, what we remember/ symbollic meaning) \
Humanists -Believe in self actualizing, all of us are good. Become all we are capable of becoming self actulization -
affiecent preception of reality – those who are self actualized are able to judge sitiuions correectly and honestly. Compitble acceptance of others –
spontanious , using creaitivy in everyday activities
task centered – passion for why they are alive . I am here for a reason. Persuing autonomy – independant-neever co dependtant
continued freshness of appreciation – looking for something new to appreciateinnocence of vision. Fellowship with humanity -
profound interpersonal relationship – loving binds with people confort with solitute- alone but not lonely
non hostile sence of humor -
peak experiences – highest level of feelings of extasy, harmony ex.
conditions of worth- first form our self image by what other people think of us