Notes on perception and perceptual development

Topics: Perception, Sense, Cognition Pages: 19 (6318 words) Published: October 11, 2013
PERCEPTION [reading #6]
1-Quote by Bohm, American physicist; 2-Definitions of perception; 3-Stages of perceptual development; 4-Importance of perception; 5-Bornstein and perceptual development; 6-Perceptual development in adults; 7-Working on perceptual skills in adulthood; and 8-Perception as the basis of human development in modern psychology.

1-“Science is primarily a perceptual enterprise, and not in gaining knowledge, though knowledge appears. Knowledge is a by-product. By understanding something, you can have contact with it, so long as it is coherent. It shows that our perception is correct. So we must distinguish between correct appearances and incorrect or illusory appearances. Our thinking process should be called an extension of our perceptual process when done rightly, and not primarily the accumulation of knowledge.”~David Bohm ____________________________________________________________ 2-Definitions and types of perception:

1. the act or faculty of perceiving, or apprehending [“to take hold of”; to grasp by the mind] by means of the senses or of the mind 2. cognition
4. the result or product of perceiving, as distinguished from the act of perceiving; percept. 7. sense

6. recognition discernment; analysis; appearance versus reality; distractibiltiy 10. discernment
40. the capacity to find the right item (answer, solution, etc.) among many similar or distracting items

13. "perception, apprehension, a taking,
14. the ability to see, hear, or become aware of something through the senses: the normal limits to human perception

15. the way in which something is regarded, understood, or interpreted 16. perception refers to the way you take in the world through your senses 17. a way of knowing something
18. a particular way of understanding or thinking about something  highlights the fact that perception is different than learning; that there is a development, skills involved

11. ability to perceive
19. the ability to understand
20. Philosophy: awareness of an object of thought, especially that of apparently external objects through use of the senses. 21. The process by which the nature and meaning of sensory stimuli are recognized and interpreted. 22. Psychology: mental organization and interpretation of sensory information. 23. The conscious mental registration of a sensory stimulus. 25. Recognition and interpretation of sensory stimuli based chiefly on memory. 26. Visualization

27. Sagaciousness [wise, keen]
5. Psychology : making sense out of sensory stimuli that are received via multiple receptors (touch, vision).

3. understandingparts of accurate perception; results of accurate perception 28. realization
29. discretion
30. comprehension
31. the ability to judge, discern, assess, evaluate, grasp, find, deduce 33. apperception [conscious perception]
24. incisiveness

34. "Perceptible," applies to what can be discerned to a minimal extent, and it belongs to a family of "detectable" synonyms. "Appreciable" means capable of being perceived or measured (see appreciate), and applies to what is highly noticeable or definitely measurable. "Sensible" refers to something that is clearly perceived (see sense). "Palpable" applies to something that, if it doesn't have actual physical substance, is nevertheless quite noticeable via the senses ("a palpable chill in the air"). "Tangible" is used for something capable of being handled or grasped, either physically and mentally.

35. a thought, belief, or opinion, often held by many people and based on appearances: 38. a belief, opinion, fact held by a person or people based on how things seem
 what usually happens; how we usually perceive (Bacon)

39. sensitive
37. the representation of what is perceived; basic component in the formation of a concept

36. knowledge gained by perceiving
32. illuminationlack of typical cognitive methods; above/beyond 9. immediate insight or intuitiontypical ‘consciousness’;...
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