Emerging Trends in Information Technology
Introduction21st century has been defined by application of and advancement in information technology. Information technology has become an integral part of our daily life. According to Information Technology Association of America, information technology is defined as “the study, design, development, application, implementation, support or management of computer-based information systems.”Information technology has served as a big change agent in different aspect of business and society. It has proven game changer in resolving economic and social issues.Advancement and application of information technology are ever changing. Some of the trends in the information technology are as follows: 1. Cloud ComputingOne of the most talked about concept in information technology is the cloud computing. Clouding computing is defined as utilization of computing services, i.e. software as well as hardware as a service over a network. Typically, this network is the internet.
| Cloud computing offers 3 types of broad services mainly Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS), Platform as a Service (PaaS) and Software as a Service (SaaS). Some of the benefit of cloud computing is as follows:
* Cloud computing reduces IT infrastructure cost of the company. * Cloud computing promotes the concept of virtualization, which enables server and storage device to be utilized across organization. * Cloud computing makes maintenance of software and hardware easier as installation is not required on each end user’s computer. Some issues concerning cloud computing are privacy, compliance, security, legal, abuse, IT governance, etc. 2. Mobile Application
Another emerging trend within information technology is mobile applications (software application on Smart phone, tablet, etc.) Mobile application or mobile app has become a success...
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