Depression and Fascism

Topics: World War II, Soviet Union, Adolf Hitler Pages: 3 (919 words) Published: June 24, 2013
1. Describe the political beliefs of Vladimir Lenin.
* Lenin was a Marxist. He preached that private property should be abolished and that everything should be owned by everyone. He also believed that anybody making profit was abusing everybody else and that the Russian government supported a system that kept the huge majority of Russian people in misery and therefore it should be overthrown. 2. What did Lenin promise the people of Russia in order to gain their support for the Revolution? * Lenin promised to pull Russia out of the war, to give land to the peasants, and lastly, to give control of the factories to the workers and the Soviets. 3. How did Lenin gain control of Russia between 1918-1921? Your answer must address the problems of World War I, the Russian Civil War, and War Communism. * Lenin had support of the Russian peasants, who made up a large portion of the Russian population. In March 1918, he signed the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, ending Russia's involvement in World War I and surrendering much of Russia's resources. The Civil War ruined Russia's economy. During the War, Lenin initiated War Communism. The state seized most factories, all surplus food was taken to the government, and there was no buying, selling, or trading. During this time, a huge percentage of Russians dies (about 33%). Many of them being farmers and laborers.

4. Describe life in Russia under Joseph Stalin in the 1920s and 1930s. Your answer must address the use of propaganda, The Great Purge, and the role of religion in society.

* Under Stalin’s rule, life in Russia was very difficult. He used propaganda in forms of newspapers, books, and films to build up his image as a great leader. He ruled from 1929 until his death in 1953. He used fear to drive his dictatorship. He executed anyone who went against him. During the Great Purge he tortured and killed over 6 million Soviets. During his rule, the Russian Orthodox Churches were closed and religious...
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