1.1- Dementia are the signs and symptoms caused as a result of specific diseases such as Alzheimer’s or a stroke that involve the damaging of brain cells; as the brain cells die the person with a dementia will lose their ability to do things they are used to doing as different parts of the brain are damaged. Dementia affects both older and younger people and the decline in the person will get worse as more brain cells are damaged or die. 1.2-The main areas of the brain that are affected by dementia in terms of causing difficulties with their functions are: 1) Frontal Lobe – this is the part of the brain that controls behaviour, movement, personality and the interpretation of what is around us 2) Parietal Lobe – this is the part of the brain that controls the language we use, spacial awareness and recognition of places, objects and people. 3) Occipital Lobe – this is the part of the brain that controls eyesight and our ability to see 4) Temporal Lobe – this is the part of the brain that controls our speech, hearing and memory 1.3-Delirium for example can be brought on as a result of an infection (urine infection for example) and this might be mistaken with dementia because for example the person could become confused and suffer with memory loss which are also signs and symptoms of dementia. 2.1-‘In the medical model of dementia the dementia itself is the focus rather than the person and it is seen as something that has to be treated and managed. 2.2-In the social model of dementia it is the reverse of the medical model because the person not the dementia is the focus and what the person needs, their feelings and wishes is the main focus rather than the dementia. 2.3-If l care workers viewed dementia as a disability then they will be accepting that dementia is a disability as it progresses it carries on disabling the brain and its functions; for example someone might become more confused or forgetful. Thinking of dementia as a disability makes...
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