Abnormal Psych Chapters 1-4 Study Guide

Topics: Mental disorder, Validity, Psychology Pages: 13 (3545 words) Published: September 22, 2013
STUDY GUIDE: ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY EXAM #1: CHAPTERS 1- 4

I. Multiple Choice: There are 30 multiple-choice questions worth 2 points each.

CHAPTER 1
Definition of abnormality - abnormal behavior is behavior that departs from some norm and that causes harm to the individual and/or others; Experience of personal distress: advantages- hallmark of many forms of mental disorder, individuals may be able to accurately report this, limitations- some psychological problems are not associated with distress, thresholds or cutoffs for distress are not always clear Dimensions underlying abn. - Emotions, thoughts, and behaviors associated with mental disorder are present to some degree in all of us Symptoms:

Normal – E: good alertness and positive emotional state, C: I’m not getting the grades I want this semester but I’ll keep trying to do my best, B: going to class and studying for the next round of tests/talking to professors

Mild - E: feeling sad or down temporarily but not for long, C: I’m struggling at school this semester, I wish I could study better or I’ll fail, B: Going to class with some trouble studying/less contact with others

Moderate – E: feeling sad but a strong positive experience such as a good grade could lift mood, C: these bad grades really hurt, this may set me back for a while, I’m really worried, B: skipping a few classes and feeling somewhat unmotivated to study/avoiding contact with professors and classmates

Severe (less/more) – E: intense sadness most of the day with some trouble concentrating and some loss of appetite/ extreme sadness all the time with great trouble concentrating and complete loss of appetite, C: I’m so worried about these grades that my stomach hurts, I don’t know what to do/ These bad grades just show what a failure I am at everything, there no hope, I’m not doing anything today, B: skipping most classes and unable to maintain eye contact with others, strong lack of motivation/ unable to get out of bed, eat, or leave the house, lack of energy and frequent crying Demonological model – attempts to explain abnormality in terms of divine will and spirits (pre-historic/medieval times) Trephining – the practice of drilling holes into the heads of people suffering from mental disorder to release the spirit (most people died) Medical model – Hippocrates (ancient Greece) believed mental illness was cause by imbalance of humors (bodily fluids) Melancholia – mental disorder believed to be caused by too much black bile Medieval period – aka Dark Ages from 476-1450, believed mental illness was due to supernatural causes/ devil possession (reinforced by church) Exorcism – Treatment to persuade/compel evil spirit to come out of body Tarantism – aka Mass Madness, maniacal dancing (usually until exhaustion) in large groups (comes from belief that individuals are possessed by spirit of a tarantula) Asylums – 15th to 17th centuries, housing developed for the mentally ill and beggars, to remove them from the general population Kraepelin – father of modern psychiatry, developed first diagnostic system based on the medical model (dementia praecox ~ schizophrenia, manic depressive = bipolar disorder) Modern period - people were warehoused in hospitals with little actual treatment, then drugs such as Thorazine were used (1950s) Deinstitutionalization - reform movement in which patients were released from hospitals back into society (caused by the popular use of thorazine) Stigma:

Self – disgrace people assign themselves because of public stigma
Public – the general disgrace the public confers on people with mental disorder that can result in prejudice, stereotyping, and discrimination

CHAPTER 2
Bio models - view abnormality as an illness caused by dysfunction in the central nervous system (treatment of choice is medication (in addition to therapy)) aka medical model Syndromes - group of symptoms that tend to occur together (Goal: must have a cluster or a group of...
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