• IB Geography higher level notes
    per capita figures > those in acknowledged global core Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development Grouping of the world’s most advanced economies one way of identifying global economic core 34 countries Provides a setting where governments compare policy experiences, answers to common...
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  • Tourism and Development
    frequently related within a national or even global context – in the extreme, it is viewed as a means of achieving a ‘new world order’ (WTO, 1980) – yet, in practice, tourism may prove to be most effective as a development catalyst at the local, community level. Introduction 3 An essential...
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  • Essays
    communities in tourism in deciding its forms and priorities and prevent undesirable forms of its development. Specifically on tourism, the most universally known set of guidelines for tourism development is the UNWTO Global Code of Ethics that received official recognition by the UN General Assembly...
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  • The Dominant Paradigm
    changes in ideas would result in transformations in behavior. The underlying premise, originated in classic sociological theories, was that there is a necessary fitness between a “modern” culture and economic and political development. The low rate of agricultural output, the high rate of fertility...
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  • Biofuels and Impacts on Rural Livelihoods in Eastern Africa
    international investors in land ownership and land use. Despite the optimistic view of biofuel expansion for rural development, the question whether biofuels benefits for livelihoods of the rural poor and vulnerable communities remain controversial (Achten et al 2010). 4. The impacts of biofuels on...
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  • Sociology and Social Change
    expansion of another economy to which the former is subjected."(12)   According to this school of thought, underdevelopment is not simply a stage that pre-dates development, as the evolutionist scheme of the modernization theory states. Rather, underdevelopment is the historical consequence of...
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  • Globalization
    ). A chart that gave the inequality a very visible and comprehensible form, the so-called 'champagne glass' effect (Gorostiaga), was contained in the 1992 United Nations Development Program Report, which showed the distribution of global income to be very uneven, with the richest 20% of the...
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  • Electrification
    in both grid (line extensions) and offgrid (isolated systems) market. Electrifying generally low income populations remote from the grid for social equity reasons is a special challenge. New and innovative forms of public/private collaborations are critically needed because there is insufficient...
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  • Friend of Earth
    . Local fishers and poor fishing communities would increasingly suffer the impact of dying seas, as large commercial fleets take many of the highest quality fish. There is also a risk of cheap fish imports being dumped in coastal nations with strong domestic markets, making it impossible for fishers...
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  • Foreign Trade Policy
    the expansion of the export sector and the decline in imports by imposing tariffs. Increase in income will increase the availability of funds and will reduce interest rate and encourage investment. The increased investment will help the indigenous industries for growth and development. 2.3.9...
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  • Lecture Notes Economic Development
    levels of income. Thus the circle is complete. A country is poor because it was previously too poor to save and invest. • As countries grow richer, they save more, creating a virtuous circle where high savings rates lead to faster growth. Demand Side Furthermore because incomes are low, market...
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  • Impact on Developing Countries of Telecomms
    ‐among‐lowincomecommunities  Sinha, C. (2005, October 31). Effect of Mobile Telephony on Empowering Rural Communities in  Developing Countries. Retrieved November 29, 2009, from International Research Foundation for  Development (IRFD): http://www.irfd.org/events/wf2005/papers/sinha_chaitali.pdf...
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  • Business
    rates of urbanization in developing countries, it is often overlooked that rural populations will still be growing in absolute terms in most low-income countries for at least the next 30 years. Despite structural changes in economies, in 2010 at least half the population in developing...
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  • Reversing Rural Poverty in an African Country
    argue that while modernization theory, like all others, contain significant errors the wholesale rejection of the paradigm is an overreaction, at least in the light of what has come to be referred to as globalization. Can African countries realize development in the face of the Second Coming of...
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  • Advanced Macroeconomics
    Skills in Global Economy.  Arguably globalization and economic development have changed the nature of the economy. There is now less demand for unskilled manual labour. This is because there has been a shift in manufacturing to the east. Therefore, workers with low skills and qualifications have found...
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  • Ibus 310 Study Guide
    * Growing importance of emerging and developing markets for international business * New source of talent, innovation and low-cost sources * Globalization 1.0 countries globalizing—military force drove global integration Globalization 2.0 companies globalization—multinational...
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  • Anthro Final
    : a. legalizing marriage. b. legitimating children. c. creating bonds between relatives. d. maintaining equitable distribution in society. e. increasing divorce rates. 13. Today there are two fundamentally different types of markets. What are they...
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  • Globalization- Does It Only Work for the Rich?
    and development, adding to the well being of the poor. Neither of these has proved true. What is true is that the system has added to the well being of the corporations that have perpetuated it. *** Most measures of "economic growth" such as Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and Gross National Product...
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  • Essay
    . Although it offers intangible, perishable services, is characterised by global competition, and is threatened or strengthened by political developments, it is just like any other industry with regard to the most fundamental market characteristic: customers have certain ideas of what they are looking for...
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  • preserving culture
    community development, on institutional and policy reform to respond to globalization (e.g. dynamic labor market policies, building the capacity of the social partners and a greater role for social dialogue in adjustment processes), and on national policy coherence.9 At the global level, making...
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