• Criminal justice
    Theory of victimization suggests that some people cause or initiate a particular confrontation that may eventually lead to that person becoming victimized by injury or death. Such precipitation on part of the victim can either be active or passive. Active precipitation exists when the victim knowingly...
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  • Criminal Justice
    victimization theory that I feel played a role in Berkowitz’s victims becoming crime victims is passive participation and lifestyle theory (McGrath, 2009). Active participation theory is a theory that the victim holds a characteristic that unknowingly motivates the attacker. This theory led to the murders...
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  • The Reality of Rape
    not only hurts a victim for the moment, but it shatters her entire life. According to the Britannica Encyclopedia, rape is defined as "any kind of unlawful sexual activity, usually sexual intercourse, carried out forcibly or under threat of injury and against the will of the victim." This definition...
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  • Victimology
    place theory. I explore what type of safety precautions can be taken to not become a victim and how to practice situational awareness at al times. Theories are in place that Victimization is a cause or an effect of a action, whether it is passive or an aggressive act. The Victim precipitation theory...
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  • what is crime
    Theoretical Criminology • Theory Made up of clearly stated propositions that posit relationships, often of a causal sort, between events and things under study • Criminologists have developed many theories to explain and understand crime Theoretical Criminology • General theory – tries to explain...
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  • Victims of Non- Violent Crimes
    Crime is due to inherited and uncontrollable biological and psychological traits.  Origins are traced to Cesare Lombroso.  Contemporary biological theory assumes that variation in human physical traits can explain behavior.  While biochemical makeup influences behavior, social factors can mitigate its...
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  • Lifestyle theory
    Introduction The chance of a women being raped, in most cases, has a high correlation with their lifestyle they choose to live. The lifestyle exposure theory can help explain the probability of a rape occurring. Where a women lives, the time of day she choose to travel, the type of transportation she uses...
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  • Soccer History
    snow, rain, and lightning. - Weather is the current state of the atmosphere, including short-term variations such as temperature and precipitation. It is what people know as rain, snow, hail, etc. - Meteorology is basically all about weather and climate and how it’s formed, so it’s...
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  • ADAPTING LIFESTYLES TO CHANGING RAINFALL PATTERN IN KENYA
    dependent on the regular patterns and timing of the onset, amount and duration of the rains, people depended on their indigenous knowledge of these precipitation trends to predict the planting and harvesting seasons, nowadays, reliance on these native self-knowhow to plan agricultural activities and day to...
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  • Criminal Justice
    CRIMINAL JUSTICE Robert Reiff once said, the problems of crime always get reduced to “What can be done about criminals?” Nobody asks, what can be about victims?” (Shcmelleger, 1999) The consequences of crime vary from one individual to another. Crime can involve financial loss, property damage, physical...
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  • criminology
    1 out of 1 points In routine activities theory, a large number of unemployed teenagers would be an example of: Selected Answer: motivated offenders Question 2 1 out of 1 points Places containing elevated numbers of motivated offenders result in an elevated chance...
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  • Victimology
    ‘ideal victim’ is someone who has played no part in their victimisation by an offender who was wholly responsible for the incident. The public can relate to the ‘ideal victims’ ordeal and although they have been through an awful sometimes incomprehensible experience society views the ‘ideal victim’ “as...
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  • Individual Project 1
    American Intercontinental University Individual Project 1 Abstract Victims of crimes come in all ages, race, nationality, and sex. Studying the victims is important to determine why they were chosen, and how they were affected. Civil rights have come a long way in the past century, and continue...
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  • Study Guide
    of criminology. 2. Discuss the elements of Beccaria’s plan for a rational and just criminal justice system. 3. Discuss the challenges to Lombrosian theory and their significance. 4. Discuss the somatotype school of criminology. 5. Explain possible implications of biological determinism. 6. Discuss the...
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  • AVALANCHE DANGER AND AVALANCHE MITIGATION
    Systems (GIS) modeled avalanche hazard map. It is found that climate change will cause lower temperatures and fluctuations in temperature and precipitation in the Alps. Environmental change will occur because of the increase in winter tourism and cause deforestation and erosion. These effects of climate...
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  • Born with It
    abortion, sterilization, and contraception, (hence the term provider conscience is used) but may include any phase of patient care.  Victim precipitation theoryVictim has made themselves susceptible to the sexual assault  Feminist/sociological perspective of rape • Male-Female attack • Power/control...
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  • Historical Background of Victimology
    needs as victims of this harm have not been adequately recognized. The UN General Assembly adopted the Declaration on Basic Principles of Justice for Victims of Crime and Abuse of Power in 1985. This provides a universal benchmark by which progress can be assessed in meeting the needs of victims of crime...
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  • Origins of Concepts of Justice
    ability, rank, station, worth, work, agreements, requirements of the common good, valuation of services, and legal entitlement. • The various theories can be categorized as egalitarian, Marxist, libertarian, or utilitarian, depending on the factors that are emphasized. • Sterba’s Distribution System...
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  • Investigating the purity of Aspirin
    aspirin by use of analysing melting points, TLC plates and colorimetry tests Investigate how pH effects the rate of hydrolysis of aspirin Background theory Making my own sample of Salicylic acid (to then be converted into Aspirin) Salicylic acid (2-Hydroxybenzoic acid) can be made by hydrolysing...
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  • Victimology
    of this article is to trace and evaluate the emergence, development and current status of the attempts to analyze and explain the phenomenology of victims of crime from a theoretical point of view. Furthermore, it is postulated that there is a need for a victim's internally understood victimology, parallel...
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