understanding of where they originated and how they achieve as theories. Ethical theories include and provide a brief background of Utilitarianism, Kantian, Social Contract, DivineCommand, Natural Law, and the theory of Virtue. In addition, research will explain the concepts of both the individual and...
to Kant theory lying would be immoral.
Absolutism & Relativism
Absolutism underpins the theories of DivineCommandTheory and Rule Utilitarianism as it its core the theory holds that rules come from a ‘Supreme Being’ or from what is natural in human nature. Given that it arises from natural...
natural law theorydivinecommandtheory
Be aware of the three criteria of an adequate moral theory (p. 71-74)
Principle of utility...
as in DivineCommandTheory. Duty Ethics is another non-consequentialist theory devised by Immanuel Kant, which proposes that nothing is good in itself except a good will, which Kant believed to be a unique ability to act with laws and principles that are moral despite interests and/or consequences...
surrounding ours. I also agree, with the fundamental and derivative set of virtues involved in the process, and their relation aspect with our daily choices, aka the fundamental alternative.
In conclusion, I choose three Theories to live by, The DivineCommandTheory, the Immanuel Kant’s Ethic of Duty and Ayn Rand’s Ethics. I believe that these three theories intertwined, provides me with a complete theory to live by....
Assignment #2: Chapter #1 Due __________________
1) How does the book define (normative) ethics? (Top of pp 4 in concise edition)
2) Name different branches of philosophy and distinguish each by the questions asked by its practitioners.
3) What is divinecommandtheory...
one consider themselves honest if they engage in dishonest practice five days a week?
In order to determine which ethical model is most effective, this learner did research on several. Those that will be discussed in this paper are Ethical Relativism, Utilitarianism, Deontology, VirtueEthics...
. Therefore, singers second premise is unfair
The “pure” divinecommandtheory of Ethics (DCT)
Definition: The whole of molarity is determined entirely and exclusively by gods decrees (and gods will). Things are god because God has decreed them so and for no other reason whatsoever.
Note:DCT is not...
Virtuetheory is an approach to ethics which emphasizes the character of the moral agent, rather than rules or consequences, as the key element of ethical thinking. This contrasts with consequentialism, which holds that the consequences of a particular act form the...
God’s will. Sometimes called voluntarism (or divinecommandtheory[->4]), this view was inspired by the notion of an all-powerful God[->5] who is in control of everything. God simply wills things, and they become reality. He wills the physical world into existence, he wills human life into existence...
wrong, say, for a reason.Ý Moreover, that if God commands us not to do an action, He does so because of this reason, not simply because He arbitrarily commands it.Ý What makes the action wrong, then, is not God's commanding it, but the reason.Ý DivineCommandTheory is false again.
heroic, good but unnecessary *CONTEXT MATTERS
Western Theories of Ethics: - Relativism: Ethics is a personal/cultural opinion - DivineCommandTheory: Ethics is defined nearly by God’s will - Consequentialism: Ethics is about maximizing “good” outcomes Examples: egoism, altruism, hedonism...
iv) Pluralistic (Complementarity) ethics
a) Both action-based and virtue-based models are necessary for an adequate or complete system
b) Pluralistic ethics (like virtuetheory) both reject the three theses of standard action-based view...
Table of Contents
1. Metaphysical Issues: Objectivism and Relativism
2. Psychological Issues in Metaethics
1. Egoism and Altruism
2. Emotion and Reason
3. Male and Female Morality
2. Normative Ethics
& ethics (divinecommandtheory)
Whatever god says
Following gods commands
Is the good good because God loves it? Or does God love it because it is good? God can change what the "good" is, even if it does not seem good...
utilitarianism, rule utilitarianism. Continent: Doing the right thing while suppressing desires that tempt one away from doing one’s duty. Contractarianism: See social contract theory. Cultural relativism: The view that an act is morally right just because it is allowed by the guiding ideals of the...
•Aesthetics: What is beauty?
•Ethics: What should I do?
Ethics, or moral philosophy, asks basic questions about the good life, about what is better and worse, about whether there is any objective right and wrong, and about how we know it if there is.
An ethical theory is
created a set of moral commands then that person is determined as good or moral if their actions are in accordance with their god’s commands regardless of the consequences or outcomes that may occur. There are also other non-consequentialist theories such as ‘Duty Ethics’ and ‘Prima Facie Duties...