"Outline And Evaluate Explanations Of Why People Conform" Essays and Research Papers

Outline And Evaluate Explanations Of Why People Conform

Outline and Evaluate one or more explanations of why people obey It has been found by Milgram that people obey for four main reasons these are; legitimate authority, the momentum of compliance, the agentic shift and passivity. The first reason that Milgram found that people obey is because people feel like they have to obey someone if they have a high social status or a highly respected job, this is called legitimate authority. Bickman (1974) supported this theory by doing an experiment on the...

Andre the Giant Has a Posse, Conscience, Hofling hospital experiment 1043  Words | 3  Pages

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Outline And Evaluate Biological Explanations For Aggression

Outline and evaluate biological explanations for aggression (24) The biological explanation for aggression states that aggression is innate behavior in people and the environment around them does not cause it. Neurotransmitters in the brain, chemicals that allow impulses to be transmitted from one area to another, can be used to explain why some people are aggressive. There is evidence to suggest that the neurotransmitters serotonin and dopamine are linked to aggression, low levels of serotonin...

Aggression, Anger, Antipsychotic 911  Words | 3  Pages

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Why Do People Conform?

Why do people conform? Conformity is an intriguing psychological concept thus been debated and researched for years. Due to different factors it causes sound minded individuals to change their beliefs or behaviour to avoid being shunned from the group, even if they internally disagree. Crutchfied R.S (1962 cited Hardy and Heyes 1994) stated the definition of conformity “Yielding to group pressures” this means the mere existence of a group belief, may make some individuals conform to it, without...

Conformity, Human behavior, Kohlberg's stages of moral development 1486  Words | 4  Pages

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Why Do People Conform?

welcome an idea they internally disagree with, all in order to not be a deviant from the group. It is thus interesting to look at the factors which cause people to conform, to do what they see others doing, to rely on the judgements of the group, and to ignore their own senses and perceptions. It is the reasons for the individual's desire to conform that I will be discussing in this paper. In 1936 some of the first studies were carried out on this concept of conformity by...

Asch conformity experiments, Conformity, Group dynamics 1372  Words | 4  Pages

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Why do people conform?

Dear Reader, The main point of my paper is to show the underlining reasons as to why people confirm to different forms of government structures, democracy and authoritarian, based on their economic background. I attempt to do this by working backwards, first I show why they would revolt or protest, and then I extrapolate the reasons why they followed the regime in the first place. Before reading my paper, my readers probably think that each class supports the government for money and survival...

Autocracy, Form of government, Government 1878  Words | 5  Pages

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Outline and evaluate biological explanations of obesity

Outline and evaluate biological explanations of obesity Various explanations can be provided for the reasons of obesity, from biological explanations, to neurological and evolutionary theories. Even socio-economic reasons could give insight into why some people have a higher likeliness of obesity Evolutionarily, the thrifty gene hypothesis provides insight as to why many suffer from obesity, as it suggests that our current genes are no longer suited to our new environment. Modern day society is...

Adipose tissue, Appetite, Body mass index 1132  Words | 2  Pages

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Outline and Evaluate Research Into Conformity as an Explanation of Human Social Behaviour

Outline and evaluate research into Conformity as an explanation of Human Social Behaviour “Conforming” is when a person changes the way they act and think to fit in with the majority of people in a group to gain acceptance. Kelman (1958) said that there are 3 types of conformity, Compliance, which means going along with others to gain approval and avoid rejection and accepting the group view in public but not private. Identification is conforming to someone who is liked and respected and Internalisation...

Aggression, Asch conformity experiments, Conformity 1364  Words | 4  Pages

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Why Do People Conform and Obey

Why do people conform and obey? Psychology Essay 4 Essay: Why do people conform and obey? In psychological terms, conformity refers to an individual`s urge to follow the rules or behaviours of a social group to which he belongs. Psychologists have put forward many theories to find out why people conform and obey and have completed studies to confirm their ideas. In this essay I will explain why people conform and obey. An important experiment demonstrating under which circumstances people...

Asch conformity experiments, Conformity, Milgram experiment 1280  Words | 4  Pages

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Outline and Evaluate the Biological Explanation of Depression.

Outline and evaluate the biological explanation of depression. Biological explanation of depression can be explained by neurotransmitter dysfunction. Neurotransmitters such as noradrenalin and serotonin have been shown to be linked with depression. Bunney at al (1965) found that there was low levels of noradrenaline function in the brain of depressed individuals. Also, post mortem studies found increased noradrenaline receptors in the brains of depressed suicide victims. When there is low noradrenaline...

Antidepressant, Dopamine, Human brain 699  Words | 3  Pages

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Outline and Evaluate Functionalist Explanation of Crime.

values and moral beliefs of society. Despite crime and deviance’s threat to society, Durkheim saw it as beneficial as it could perform positive functions in society, such as, firstly; By strengthening collective values. Values can waste away unless people are reminded of the boundaries between right and wrong behaviour. Secondly, by enabling social change. Some deviance is necessary to allow new ideas to develop, and enable society to change and progress. Thirdly, by acting as a safety valve. Deviance...

Crime, Criminology, Juvenile delinquency 1436  Words | 4  Pages

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Outline And Evaluate Psychological Explanations For Schizophrenia

Outline and evaluate psychological explanations for schizophrenia (24) One psychological explanation of SZ was put forward by Bateson et al (1956) who looked at childhood as a base for developing SZ, for example the interactions children have with their mothers. His explanation, the Double Bind theory, states that schizophrenia can occur due to conflicting messages given from parents to their children, for example when a parent expresses care but does so in a critical way. This means that the...

Delusion, Family, Family therapy 1259  Words | 2  Pages

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Outline and evaluate psychological explanations of OCD

Outline and evaluate psychological explanations for OCD (8+16 marks) One psychological explanation for OCD is the behavioural approach. The behavioural approach breaks obsessions and compulsions into separate categories. Mowrer (1960) suggests that the acquisition of fear and anxiety is a two-step process in which firstly the neutral stimulus is associated with anxiety through classical conditioning for example a child being told that food which has been dropped on the floor is disgusting, this...

Anxiety, Compulsive behavior, Defence mechanism 1057  Words | 3  Pages

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Outline and evaluate the Biological Explanations of Schizophrenia

have an underlying physical cause such as imbalance of hormones, brain damage and infection. There is strong evidence that biological factors influence the presence of Schizophrenia. There are certain chemical abnormalities that can be observed in people suffering from schizophrenia. Post-mortems on schizophrenics have shown unusually high levels of dopamine. Dopamine is a brain chemical that increases the sensitivity of the brain cells that promote the individual’s awareness of events around her...

Antipsychotic, Brain, Dopamine 1600  Words | 5  Pages

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Outline and Evaluate the Evolutionary Explanation for Gender Roles

Outline and evaluate the evolutionary explanation for gender roles Gender refers to culturally constructed distinctions between femininity and masculinity. Individuals are born female or male but they become feminine or masculine through complex developmental processes that take many years to unfold. For example, women usually look after babies while men are the providers. The evolutionary approach argues that gender role division appears as an adaptation to the challenges faced by the ancestral...

Evolutionary psychology, Female, Gender 973  Words | 3  Pages

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Outline and Evaluate Evolutionary Explanations of Food Preferences

OUTLINE AND EVALUATE EVOLUTIONARY EXPLANATIONS OF FOOD PREFERENCES (4 MARKS + 16 MARKS) Outline (A01) Tastes experiences come from our taste receptors. These make us sensitive to a range of taste qualities. For example, sweet foods are usually associated with carbohydrates that are a great source of energy. Sour food allows us to identify food that has gone off and would therefore contain harmful bacteria. Salt food is vital for the function of our cells. Bitter tastes are associated with...

Eating, Food, Human 764  Words | 3  Pages

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Outline And Evaluate The Social Learning Theory As An Explanation Of Aggression

Outline and evaluate the social learning theory as an explanation of aggression (24) According to the social learning theory there are multiple ways of learning behaviours, such as aggression. One way of learning behaviours is through observation and some psychologists have claimed children primarily learn aggressive behaviours observing role models (someone who is similar to the child or in a position of power, of who the child can copy behaviour from). For example, children may learn aggression...

Aggression, Behavior, Hypothesis 1361  Words | 3  Pages

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Outline and Evaluate One or More Explanations of Attachment

Psychologists have put forward different explanations of attachment, such as learning theory and Bowlby’s theory. Outline and evaluate one or more explanations of attachment One explanation of attachment is Bowlby’s theory who described attachment as "lasting psychological connectedness between human beings" Bowlby believed that the earliest bonds formed by children with their caregivers have a tremendous impact that continues throughout life. According to Bowlby, attachment also serves to...

Attachment in adults, Attachment theory, Attachment therapy 909  Words | 3  Pages

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Outline and evaluate explanations of conformity

Hwk – Outline and evaluate explanations of conformity (8 marks) AO1: Conformity is a form of social influence and is the tendency to copy other people's behaviour and attitudes from within a group. Normative social influence occurs when a person desires to be liked and accepted by a group. They will publicly conform and change their behaviour but they will still privately reject their views. This change in behaviour is often temporary as this type of social influence leads to compliance...

2007 singles, Conformity, Human behavior 348  Words | 2  Pages

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Outline and Evaluate explanations of obedience

Outline & Evaluate one or more Explanations of Why People Obey. There are many reasons as to why people obey which have been justified gradually over several decades. Milgram (1974) argued the fact that in an obedience situation, people tend to pass all sense of responsibility onto the authoritative figure. Milgram said that people are in an autonomous state when taking their responsibility but move into an agentic state when passing this responsibility to an authoritative figure; this shift in...

Authority, Experiment, Milgram experiment 629  Words | 2  Pages

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Outline and Evaluate Two or More Biological Explanations of Schizophrenia.

There are two main biological theories which explain the assumed causes of schizophrenia: Genetic and Dopamine Hypothesis. Research by Mikaywa et al has found that there must be a genetic explanation of schizophrenia due to the fact that concordance rates for environmental causes are not 100%. Also Mikaywa noticed that schizophrenia runs in the family, meaning there must be something other than environmental causes, causing the disorder. What Mikaywa studied was DNA from human families who were...

Amphetamine, Antipsychotic, Dopamine 1429  Words | 4  Pages

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Outline and Evaluate One or More Biological Explanations to Schizophrenia

Outline and evaluate one or more biological explanations of schizophrenia (8 marks AO1/16 marks AO1) Schizophrenia is classified as a mental disorder that shows profound disruption of cognition and emotion which affects a person’s language, perception, thought and sense of self. The dopamine hypothesis states that schizophrenic’s neurones transmitting dopamine release the neurotransmitter too easily, leading to the characteristic symptoms of schizophrenia. This hypothesis...

Antipsychotic, Dopamine, Dopamine receptor D2 1149  Words | 4  Pages

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Outline And Evaluate Restoration Explanations For The Functions Of Sleep 8 16

Outline and evaluate restoration explanations for the functions of sleep [8 + 16] intro: Aleep is divided into several different stages. SWS and REM sleep are associated with particular benefits. Oswald (1980) proposed that each of these had different functions - slow wave sleep enables body repair and REM enables brain recovery. SWS – initiates body repair (Oswald) Growth hormone – important in childhood because it stimulates physical growth. Important throughout lifespan for protein synthesis...

Growth hormone, Immune system, Memory 718  Words | 2  Pages

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Outline and evaluate one social psychological explanation of aggression

et al., also challenges Bandura’s explanation as he suggests that aggressive behaviour is not due to imitation lone. According to them aggression is the result of frustration building up and the presence of environmental cues that signal aggressiveness. However, a subsequent study using a live clown instead of a doll found similarly high levels of imitation among children, showing that the social learning theory does apply to violent aggression towards other people. In addition, Social learning theories...

Aggression, Learning, Observational learning 1099  Words | 3  Pages

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Criticially Evaluate One or More of Your Explanations of Group Display in Humans

Essay: a) Outline explanations of group display in humans (15 marks) b) Criticially evaluate one or more of your explanations of group display in humans (10 marks) Part A Group display of aggression (behaviour with intent to harm) in ancestors has been seen as an adaptive response, promoting inter-group harmony and mutual defence. Lynch mobs have been explained by social transition and the need for conformity, for example, Myrdal (1944) found that black lynchings in the USA were due to fear...

Crowd psychology, Identity, Lynching 1790  Words | 5  Pages

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Evaluate psychological perspectives as explanations of

Evaluate psychological perspectives as explanations of Criminal behavior There are four main psychological perspectives that we looked at. These are the biological perspective, the personality perspective, the learning perspective and the cognitive perspective. However I only focused on two of these; 1. The biological perspective 2. The cognitive perspective Biological perspective One of the advantages of the biological perspective is that it is objective meaning that it is not...

Cognition, Cognitive psychology, Crime 1197  Words | 5  Pages

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Outline and Evaluate the Biomedical model of abnormality

Outline and Evaluate Biological Explanation for Mental Illness The Biomedical model of Mental Illness states that metal illness is caused by either a physical problem with the brain, for example that some schizophrenic patients have parts of there hippocampus missing. Genetics, meaning that you inherit a genetic pre-disposition to depression or some other mental illness as someone in your close family had that mental illness, or down to neurotransmitter (serotonin, dopamine...) imbalances...

Antidepressant, Dopamine, Monoamine oxidase inhibitor 912  Words | 3  Pages

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Why We Conform to Groups

Why We Conform To The Groups We Are A Part Of Matt Gerry 14040633 4/2/13 Most people on this Earth are part of some group, whether they believe it or not. They have a group of friends, family, or co-workers whom they share a lot of time and space with. These groups that we are part of in our daily lives have a huge impact on our decision making. Chances are high that if the group an individual is a part of feels that option A is better than option B, the individual will think as their group...

Decision making, Decision theory, Down syndrome 1006  Words | 3  Pages

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Outline and Evaluate Research Into Privation

Outline and Evaluate research into privation AO1 Privation is when a child has the right to form an attachment to a primary care giver taken away from them; the option to make these crucial attachments isn’t there. If Bowlby’s theory is correct, then because of this inability to form attachments, infants should grow up struggling to form relationships and attachments to anyone else. AO1 P: Evidence looking at the effects of privation comes from the case of Genie. E: She was 13 years old...

Attachment theory, Developmental psychology, John Bowlby 796  Words | 3  Pages

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Outline and evaluate neural and hormona

Outline and evaluate neural and hormonal mechanisms in aggression. There are two main biological explanations to aggression, neural and hormonal. The neural explanation is the serotonin and dopamine neurotransmitters and how they affect our aggression; the hormonal mechanisms are the testosterone and cortisol chemicals. Testosterone is a hormone that is more concentrated in men than in women as it is a male sex hormone, it is thought to influence aggression from a young age onwards, due to its...

Aggression, Anger, Dopamine 1224  Words | 3  Pages

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Outline and assess the Realist explanation of crime.

Outline and assess Realist explanation of crime and deviance. (50 marks) Left Realists provides a casual explanation for crime. Left Realists look at the individual and the causes which could have led them to commit crime. Right Realism comes from a New Right perspective which looks at the causes of crime and what can be put in place to deter criminals. The term ‘crime’ means behaviour that breaks the law. For example, someone who commits a crime such as murder or rape is considered a criminal...

Crime, Criminology, Minority group 1069  Words | 2  Pages

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Outline Key Features of the Evolutionary Perspective Explanation of Attachment and Evaluate

Outline key features of the evolutionary perspective explanation of attachment and evaluate. An attachment is an emotional bond between two people. It is a two-way process that endures over time. An evolutionary perspective of attachment was researched by the famous John Bowlby in 1969. Bowlby observed both humans and mammals. Bowlby's theory is an evolutionary theory, he emphasised that attachment had evolved, which means it was not something that was taught, because of its survival and reproductive...

Attachment theory, John Bowlby 757  Words | 3  Pages

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Outline and Assess Marxist Explanations of Crime

Outline and assess Marxist explanations of crime Marxist and neo-Marxist approaches and explanations of crime are arguably some of the most controversial, for the reason that they state that it is the ruling class that is responsible for criminalising the working classes, which goes directly against what official statistics and Functionalists believe. However, Marxism and Functionalism do share a similarity in that both believe structures and institutions of society play a very important role...

Bourgeoisie, Capitalism, Karl Marx 1221  Words | 4  Pages

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Explanations of Conformity

Explanations of conformity Why do we conform? Deutsch and Gerrard 1955 decided that there were 2 possible reasons why you would conform. They suggested that it was either due to Normative social influence or due to informational social influence. Normative social influence Need: - Humans have basic need to we want to feel accepted, approved and liked and as a member of a group How it leads to conformity: - in order to gain acceptance by others, we often conform to the...

Autokinetic effect, Conformity, Human behavior 532  Words | 3  Pages

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Outline and Evaluate the Main Psychological Explanations of Forgetting in both the Short and Long Term Memory

Outline and Evaluate the Main Psychological Explanations of Forgetting in both the Short and Long Term Memory Psychologists study memory because it is important to understand how a person remembers, how they forget, and whether memory is reliable source of past information; this research is particularly important in the case of eyewitness testimonies. Memory is the process whereby a person holds on to information they have experienced. Psychologists categorise memory into 3 processes; encoding...

Decay theory, Declarative memory, Interference theory 1415  Words | 5  Pages

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Why People Obey

Milgram (1974) gave reasons for obedience. Obedience is a type of influence causing a person to act person to act in response to a direct order from someone with perceived authority. In this essay I am going to explain Milgram’s reasons on why people obey. The process of learning throughout life or when a person learns to adjust to a group and act like the group is called socialisation. It is a central influence on behaviour, beliefs action but the society that one is raised in can also affect...

Doctor, Milgram experiment, Psychology 927  Words | 3  Pages

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Outline and Evaluate Psychological Explanations for one eating disorder

Outline and Evaluate Psychological Explanations for one eating disorder The psychodynamic approach suggests unconscious conflicts from childhood may be the reason for an eating disorder. As adolescent girls are most likely to have the disorder, it suggests that anorexia might be due to fear of increasing sexual desires and starvation is a way to avoid becoming pregnant because one of the symptoms of anorexia nervosa is the absence of a menstrual cycle. Another psychodynamic explanation suggests...

Anorexia nervosa, Body dysmorphic disorder, Body shape 659  Words | 2  Pages

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Outline and Evaluate Milgram’s Concept of “Agentic Shift”.

Outline and Evaluate Milgram’s concept of “agentic shift”. Following results of his world famous obedience studies, Milgram developed his own theory of why people obey a malevolent authority – “agentic shift”. Milgram findings led him to believe a person can be in one of two psychological state at any particular time, and the “agentic shift” is what causes ordinary people to follow orders because they believed the experimenter has a legitimate authority. Milgram believed people acted without...

Asch conformity experiments, Electric shock, Experiment 1242  Words | 4  Pages

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outline and evaluate genetic factors in aggression

Outline and evaluate genetic factors in aggression The use of twin studies helps explain how there could be genetic factors in aggressive behavior. There are two types of Twin, monozygotic (identical) and Dizygotic (non-identical). If both types are studied in terms of aggression and the M-Z twins are more similar in aggressive behaviour it would suggest there is a genetic influence on aggression. Coccaro et al found that when comparing MZ and DZ twins, over 50 % of variance in aggressive behaviours...

Aggression, Crime, Genetics 689  Words | 3  Pages

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Outline and Evaluate Functionalist Views of the Role of the Family in Society.

Outline and evaluate Functionalist views of the role of the family in society. [33 marks] Functionalism is a structuralist theory; this meaning that it sees social structure (the social organisation of society) as more important than individuals. Functionalist sociologists believe that people have a range of basic needs that must be met if society is to run smoothly. Different groups and individuals in society are important because they perform certain functions which meet society's needs. Functionalism...

Extended family, Family, Father 1558  Words | 4  Pages

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Describe and Evaluate Social Explanations of Aggression

Describe and evaluate social explanations of aggression. Aggression can be defined in many different ways. Bandura suggests that it is the intent to cause harm to another human being who is motivated to avoid such treatment. One of the main social psychological explanations of aggression comes from Bandura and Walters in 1963. He suggests that aggression is learned either indirectly; through observational learning and only replicated if vicarious reinforcement occurs, or directly- where aggressive...

Aggression, Albert Bandura, Anger 1143  Words | 3  Pages

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Outline and Evaluate Reasons People Can Maintain a Healthy Lifestyle Into Old Age

outline and evaluate reasons people can maintain a healthy lifestyle into old age PM 501 3T SS1 Final essay Student Name: Li Minhui Student Number: 1006732 Group: G Tutor Name: Brain. Nail Hand in: 2nd Dec, 2010 Word Count: Nowadays, with people' living condition improving and medical science development the aged people pay more attention to the quality of life, and the young people seem to think deeply about how to achieve a healthy lifestyle into old age. Some people enjoy a happy...

Disease, Epidemiology, Health 1529  Words | 5  Pages

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Outline and Evaluate the Strange Situations

Outline and evaluate the strange situations During the 1970's, psychologist Mary Ainsworth further expanded upon Bowlby's groundbreaking work in her now-famous "Strange Situation" study. The study involved observing children between the ages of 12 to 18 months responding to a situation in which they were briefly left alone and then reunited with their mother (Ainsworth, 1978). Based on these observations, Ainsworth concluded that there were three major styles of attachment: secure attachment, ambivalent-insecure...

Attachment in adults, Attachment measures, Attachment theory 895  Words | 3  Pages

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Outline and evaluate psychological explanations of schizophrenia

Outline and evaluate psychological explanations of schizophrenia (24 marks) Brown and Birley studied stressful life events in the role of relapse in schizophrenics. They found that 50% of people experience a stressful life event e.g. death, relationship break-up, job loss etc. in the 3 weeks prior to a schizophrenic episode. A control sample reported a low and unchanging level of stressful life events over the same period. However not all evidence supports the role of life events. For example...

Disability, Dopamine hypothesis of schizophrenia, Psychosis 602  Words | 2  Pages

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why people get tatoos

Why do people get tattoos? Tattoos are expensive, they are painful and they are permanent. Many people find them unattractive, or even repulsive, others see the beauty in them. If you get a tattoo, you will be judged by others because of that tattoo. You may be labelled a criminal, a thug, uneducated and immature and you most certainly have some underlying psychological issues that you are trying to compensate for. People think that tattoos are just a cry for attention, a rebellion against society...

Permanent makeup, Tattoo, Tattooing 1403  Words | 4  Pages

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Describe and evaluate evolutionary explanations of gender. [8 + 16]

Describe and evaluate evolutionary explanations of gender. [8 + 16] During the evolutionary adaptation time period, between 10-40 thousand years ago, our ancestors were hunter-gatherers. This created a division between men and women. The men would hunt for food and the women would be in charge of the domestic duties such as cleaning and cooking. Doing the domestic chores would have kept women more protected, as it is less strenuous and would have guarded the camp whilst the men were out hunting...

Evolutionary psychology, Gender, Gender role 859  Words | 3  Pages

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Why do people comply to social rules and expectation.

Why Do People Comply With Social Rules and Expectation? Rules are statement on what can, should or must be done in particular circumstances. They govern our daily life whether we are aware of them or not. Rules are divided into two, direct rules(written formal rules) such as laws regarding manslaughter or incest and indirect rules(unwritten informal rules) such as norms, values and traditions of a particular society. Social expectation serves as a powerful tool to reinforce common beliefs and hopes...

Convention, Ideology, Karl Marx 1586  Words | 5  Pages

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Conformity: To Conform or Not to Conform?

“You’re the psychologist, so why do people go along with the group instead of making their own decisions?” Conformity can be described as a type of social influence whereby an individual changes their behaviour in order to match certain social or group norms. This change of behaviour is a private and enduring change of someone’s conduct due to group pressure that is not forced in a direct manner such as the way that compliance is, but is instead a personal choice to behave like certain others...

Asch conformity experiments, Conformity, Feeling 1596  Words | 4  Pages

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Outline and Evaluate Marxist Theories on Crime

Outline and assess Marxist explanations of crime and deviance.   In looking at the Marxist explanation of crime and deviance one must also look to the non-sociologist explanations and those of other different groups in order to come to an informed view of the subject.   The non-sociologist definition of crime and deviance would be that deviance is uncommon behaviour, something that offends the morals or the majority of society, without being harmful or serious enough to be criminal. Whereas...

Bourgeoisie, Karl Marx, Marxism 1431  Words | 4  Pages

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Describe and evaluate one or more biological explanations of schizophrenia

Describe and evaluate one or more biological explanations of schizophrenia Research has shown that schizophrenia is heredity and can runs in families. This suggests that genes play a significant role. The closer the genetic relationship the more likely the people are to share the disorder. Evidence from family studies by Gottesman showed that when bothparent are schizophrenic then there is a 46% chance of the child getting it, however, if only one parent had it, it dropped to 17%. This suggests...

Antipsychotic, Causality, Dopamine 1813  Words | 5  Pages

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outline and evaluate 2 social psychological approaches to aggression

Outline and evaluate two social psychological explanations There are two social psychological approaches to aggression. These are social learning theory (SLT) and deindividuation theory (DT). Both these theories stress that aggression is a learnt process, they believe that aggression is due to our nurture and not in our nature. They dispute the biological approach to aggression. Social learning theory was proposed by Alburt Bandura. He used the word modeling to explain how humans can quickly...

Aggression, Albert Bandura, Bobo doll experiment 1198  Words | 3  Pages

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Outline and Evaluate Two Models of Abnormality

Outline and evaluate two models of abnormality (12 marks) The essence of a psychodynamic approach is to explain behaviour in terms of its dynamics – i.e. the forces that drive it. The best known example of this approach is Freud. Freud believed that the origins of mental disorder lie in the unresolved conflicts or childhoods which are unconscious. Medical illnesses are not the outcome of physical disorders but of these psychological conflicts. Conflicts between the id, ego, and superego create...

Abnormal psychology, Brain, Disability 962  Words | 3  Pages

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Why People Lie

Yiu Ho lai Why people tell lie outline Let’s say that, we always hear lies everywhere. Lies can hurt other people, and lies can be a joke to have fun with everyone. Lies can also be a way to glossing over the fact. Lies can protect who are telling the lie. Everyone lies, although the ideas of lying to people are wrong, but people still lie about anything in their life. In this essay, it will talk about which ways people will lie and how they lie. 1: Sometimes, some people will use a lie to hurt...

2006 singles, Lie 1141  Words | 3  Pages

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Describe and evaluate the biological explanation of gender development

Describe and evaluate the biological explanation of gender development. Give evidence in your answer. (10 marks) The biological approach states that human beings have evolved so that males and females possess different chromosomes that trigger the production of different levels of certain hormones. It is these hormonal differences between the sexes that lead to differences in behaviour. This allows for males and females to perform different roles in reproduction thus ensuring the survival of...

Chromosome, Female, Gamete 820  Words | 3  Pages

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What Are the Psychological Explanations for Why People Commit Terrorist Acts and Up to What Extent Do They Explain These People’s Behaviour.

What are the psychological explanations for why people commit terrorist acts and up to what extent do they explain these people’s behaviour. Miller (2006) states that the word terrorism derives from the Latin word terrere which means to frighten. Merari and Friedman (see Victoroff 2005, p.3) claim that terrorism existed even before recorded history. This is echoed by Miller’s (2006) claim that terrorism is as old as civilization and has existed since people discovered that they could influence...

Behavior, Conflict, Heinz Kohut 1576  Words | 5  Pages

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Argument vs. Statements vs. Explanation

August 30 Homework pp. 9-11 2) Premise: It’s easier and inexpensive to buy your friend a paperback copy. Conclusion: What stops many people from photocopying a book and giving it to a pal is not integrity but logistics. 5) Premise: White and Asian students score, on average, markedly higher than their black and Hispanic peers. This is true for fourth-grade tests, college entrance exams, and every other assessment on the books. Conclusion: Standardized tests have a disparate racial and ethnic...

Capital punishment, Cold War, Death row 817  Words | 3  Pages

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Outline and Evaluate the Influence of Childhood Experiences on Adult Relationships

Outline and evaluate the influence of childhood experiences on adult relationships Adult relationships are not just influenced by biological or inherited factors. Upbringing, socialisation and childhood also play an important part in later adult relationships. Attachment is the emotional tie between two people that is shown in their behaviours. Attachment theory, put forward by Bowlby, argues that childhood relationships are prototypes for ones adult relationships. There is some evidence for this...

Attachment in adults, Attachment measures, Attachment parenting 1335  Words | 4  Pages

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Using the issue of reductionism, evaluate any two explanations of crime. (15)

1. Describe, using evidence, any two influences that explain why a person turns to crime. (10) There are three main influences that explain why a person will turn to crime. These are cognitive, biological and upbringing. One influence that might cause an individual to turn to crime is upbringing. Farrington (2006) conducted a study in delinquent development to document the start, duration and end of offending behaviour from children and to adulthood in families. Farrington’s study concluded that...

Crime, Crimes, Criminal justice 928  Words | 3  Pages

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Outline and Evaluate 2 Social and Psychological Theories of Aggression.

Outline and evaluate 2 social and psychological theories of aggression. Aggression is defined by Baron & Richardson (1993) as `any form of behaviour directed towards the goal of harming or injuring another living being who is motivated to avoid such treatment'. According to Social Learning Theory aggressive behaviour is developed through the environment (rather than being an innate tendency as the biological and psycho- analytical theories would suggest). If biological theories of aggression...

Aggression, Albert Bandura, Anger 1122  Words | 4  Pages

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Outline and evaluate two explanations of media influence on antisocial behaviour

Antisocial behaviour is any aspect of behaviour that disrupts social relationships. Edgar (1988) notes that in every country that has TV, it has generated social concern, making the public blame the media for any rise in aggressive behaviour in young people. Huesmann and Moise (1996) give five ways that exposure to media violence may lead to aggression. One of these five ways is observational learning and imitation which is linked to the social learning theory that Bandura put forward. Huesmann suggests...

Aggression, Albert Bandura, Antisocial personality disorder 919  Words | 3  Pages

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Outline and Evaluate the Behavioural Approach to Psychopathology

Outline and evaluate the behavioural approach to psychopathology. (12 marks) Behaviourists believe that all of a person’s complex behaviours are the result of learning through interaction with the environment. Behaviourists deal with the following forms of learning: classical conditioning and operant conditioning. In classical conditioning people learn to associate two stimuli when they occur together, such that the response originally elicited by one stimulus is transferred to another. The person...

Behaviorism, Classical conditioning, Extinction 781  Words | 3  Pages

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