• Epicurus
    two schools of philosophy emerged with theories of how to live life well and act appropriately. Although similar from their views of management of pain and pleasure, the Epicureans believed that the road to a pleasant life is to naturally avoid fear and pain. This contrasts with the Stoic hormê, in other...
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  • A Comparison and Contrast of Three Ancient Roman Philosophies
    A Comparison and Contrast of Three Ancient Roman Philosophies by Melanie Pelzel Introduction This paper compares and contrasts three different views of philosophy of Roman times: Epicureanism, Stoicism, and Neoplatonism. These three philosophies were created out of a need for explanations...
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  • The Best Girl
    introducing the reader to the Epicureans’ contributions in physics, metaphysics, epistemology, psychology, ethics and politics. The international team of contributors includes scholars who have produced innovative and original research in various areas of Epicurean thought and they have produced...
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  • Contemporary Thinkers: Plato, Aristotle, Augustine, Aguinas
    a Greek thinker whose work marked a decisive turning point in the history of philosophy. He invented a method of teaching by asking questions (the Socratic method), pioneered the search for definitions, and turned philosophy away from a study of the way things are toward a consideration of virtue and...
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  • Stoism
    Philosophy When the Apostle Paul visited Athens, he took the message of Christ to the marketplace where a wide variety of people could be encountered. Among those he talked to were Epicurean and Stoic philosophers. We read about his encounter with them in Acts 17. Who were these Epicureans and...
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  • Hggjkl
    Introduction to Philosophy Study Guide: Midterm Exam The purpose of the midterm exam is to allow you to demonstrate two things: That you have learned and fully understand the material covered in lecture and in the readings. That you have thought about the theories discussed in class and the readings...
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  • Philosophical Comparisons
    and Stoicism There are several key differences between Epicurus’ and Epictetus’ ethical views, though they both branch for Aristotelian philosophy. One major difference is the focus on their theories. Epicurus believes our ethics exist only because we desire things that give us pleasure. Epictetus...
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  • A Cursory Examination of Classical Philosophy
    A Cursory Examination of Classical Philosophy Moderation and Hubris Moderation, according to Homeric tradition, is a virtue of humanity. It, along with other “Homeric virtues,” such as strength, courage, physical prowess, and wisdom in accomplishing goals in unique ways, are considered the model...
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  • Plato vs Aristotle
    GROUP ASSIGNMENT Compare and contrast the philosophical position of both Aristotle and Plato to an understanding of Greek Philosophy. Political Philosophy is the study of fundamental questions about the state, government, politics, liberty, justice, property, rights, law and the enforcement of...
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  • The New Vice President
    school of Hellenistic philosophy founded in Athens by Zeno of Citium in the early 3rd century BC. The Stoics taught that destructive emotions resulted from errors in judgment, and that a sage, or person of "moral and intellectual perfection," would not suffer such emotions.[1] Stoics were concerned with...
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  • Classical vs. Hellenistic Periods
    After the conquests and reign of Alexander (336-323 B.C.E.), three major Hellenistic Kingdoms arose, in which there was a very different approach to philosophy and religion. Epicureanism, Stoicism, and Skepticism arose. Epicureanists believed in fate and that regardless of whether they accepted or rebelled...
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  • Plutarch
    each pair being Greek and the other Roman, in order to draw parallels between the two. For example, in the fifth book of” Parallel Lives” Plutarch compares the life and works of the Roman orator Cicero to that of the Greek orator Demosthenes. In this piece, Plutarch draws parallels as he writes, “In...
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  • Human Needs
    presented by the Nobel Prize winner Amartya Sen. I intend to evaluate and analyze Nussbaum's work on the subject from the perspective of Cicero and the Stoics and that of non-Western thinkers. What's more, I hope to set in motion a new conceptualization concerning the assessment and attainment of the good...
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  • Ethics
    moral philosophy, is a branch of philosophy that involves systematizing, defending, and recommending concepts of right and wrong conduct.[1] The term comes from the Greek word ethos, which means "character". Ethics is a complement to Aesthetics in the philosophy field of Axiology. In philosophy, ethics...
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  • death is nothing to us
    desires and by banishing the fear of the gods and of death. Epicurus’ gospel of freedom from fear proved to be quite popular, and communities of Epicureans flourished for centuries after his death. Table of Contents 1. Life 2. Sources 3. Metaphysics 1. Arguments for the Existence of Atoms and Void ...
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  • Stoicism
    UC 310 Dr.Finn Stoicism The philosophy of the Stoics played a central role in developing the ideals of the Roman ruling classes. This philosophy emerged in Greece in the early 3rd century B.C. with the thought of Zeno, a native of Citium on the island of Cyprus. He and his followers...
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  • Clean Hand in a Dirty Business
    (first in the Phaedo, then in the Republic), Aristotle (in the De Anima or On the Soul), Epicurus, and the Stoics. These are by far the most carefully worked out theories of soul in ancient philosophy. Later theoretical developments — for instance, in the writings of Plotinus and other Platonists, as well...
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  • Cruelty
    of many philosophers, not only Stoics, but Epicureans--and this addition-- ["Montaigne stops here to make his excuse for thus naming the Epicureans with the Stoics, in conformity to the general opinion that the Epicureans were not so rigid in their morals as the Stoics, which is not true in the main...
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  • Stoic V. Epicurean: the Battle of Moral Theories
    Stoic v. Epicurean: The Battle of Moral Theories Peter Calhoun The Coolest Cutter At Camp After critically analyzing both Stoic and Epicurean moral theories, I found myself intrigued by their different beliefs. I was fascinated by the Epicurean pleasure filled and painless seeking lifestyle. I was...
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  • The Philosophy of Happiness
    Chapter 1 The Philosophy of Happiness Aristotle on Happiness Since the earliest days of Western thought philosophers have concerned themselves with the nature of happiness. One of the earliest to ask the question ‘what is happiness?’ was Aristotle, who, in a manner typical of philosophers, before...
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