• Police Use of Force
    Police use of force Discretion brings a lot of dangers but there are numerous advantages that the utilization of police discretion brings. These can include the flexibility in the exercise or justice in society, helping to prevent injustices through technicalities in the law, and helping to develop...
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  • Legal - Discretion
    Discretion is a major factor in the entire criminal process and refers to the freedom of choice to carry or not carry out something. This can be seen in both a positive and negative light as the police and court can both use discretion which can be damaging to either party in court in terms of achieving...
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  • Police Discretion
     Police Discretion Jocelyn Golphin University of the District of Columbia Criminal Justice System 2/21/2014 Golphin 2 Police discretion is a very important approach in matters concerning criminal justice. There has been a consistent problem between enforcing...
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  • Officers working with juveniles
    caught committing a crime should end up with a criminal record. The police role with juvenile offenders is especially important because young persons' views and attitudes toward law enforcement are shaped by their first encounter with a police officer (Lawrence, Sec. II, pg.127, 2008). Depending on the severity...
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  • Japan's Civil Law System
    reduce our court delays, for instance, we may simply spur more litigation and greater social disintegration (MacFarlane A, 1995). The Advantages and Disadvantages of the System. Civil law relies on legislation as the source of law (New World Encyclopedia, 2008). Regularly contrasted with civil law...
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  • The Usefulness of Ocs in Measuring Crime
    further recorded by the Police. Not all crimes are recorded by the Police, which lead to a dark figure in the overall collected OCS. To avoid dark figures there are other methods to measure crime and deviance. OCS is a police recorded measure of crime. One could argue that the police play a key role in...
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  • Criminal Justice to Court Room Process
    the case in terms of discretion, when was discretion used by a party or parties, and at other points, if any, might this case have been pursued. Also, would the defendants in the case benefit more from a bench trial or from a jury trial and to explain the advantages and disadvantages as they apply to the...
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  • Juries Selection, Advantages, Disadvatages in Britain
    have not lived in the UK for at least 5 years since the age of 13. In addition to this, some other people are disqualified from serving, including police officers, traffic wardens, members of the legal profession, people with certain mental illnesses, and anyone who has been in prison or received a suspended...
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  • Reaction Paper 3
    and cultural grounds, as long as the public order is maintained. Smith and Cole comment the broad discretion exercised in this style of policing can result in charges of discrimination, when it appears police treatment of different groups results in the perception that some groups get better treatment than...
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  • crime and deviance in britian
    reference to the role of the police, the usefulness of the official statistics. There will also be theoretical views included of the usefulness of the official statistics including, Marxism, interactionism, feminism, left realism and functionalism. The role of the police is to enforce the law by prosecuting...
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  • Comparative Criminal Law Paper - Norway V Australia
    of evidence in Norway and its application before investigating the Australian system, its differences to the inquisitorial system and its advantages and disadvantages. A comparison of these two systems occurs throughout the paper and a conclusion will be formulated discussing whether one system is wholly...
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  • Criminlas
    or minors who have been in trouble before. Although being tried in adult court gives a juvenile more constitutional protections, it has distinct disadvantages too -- including the potential for a more severe sentence and the possibility of serving time in an adult correctional facility. Below you'll find...
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  • northbridge curfew
    pg7). Rayner, also suggests that it may be, “removing a police constables discretion” Raynor (2003, pg11). However she goes on to admit that it was made clear, “the Curfew was to be limited to instructions to police under existing discretions. It was not a new law at all.” (Raynor, 2003, pg 12) . The...
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  • Civil and Criminal Procedure
    14 Reality of discrimination 14 Police Discretion: Gatekeepers of the Criminal Justice System 16 Role of police discretion 16 Legislated police powers 16 Stereotyping and its influence 17 Key to the process of diversion 17 ‘Stop and Search’ 17 Central role of police in constructing prosecution case...
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  • paper
     Public attitudes toward police: Vast majority of Americans express confidence in the police. Major complaint about the police from African Americans is the inadequate police protection in their neighborhoods. Middle class people show more confidence in police than lower income. Younger people show...
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  • Crime Statistics
    reported to the police, are often unreliable. There are several influential factors that can make crime statistics both increase and decrease at any time. Most police departments, but not all, use Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) to submit their statistics to the state. Attempting to compare two police agency's...
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  • Racial Disparity
    contributors are venue and jury selection, ineffective assistance of counsel and procedural bars, prosecutorial discretion, and the dominance of racist jurors (Misha, 2005). As for prosecutorial discretion, a Caucasian who committed a white-collar crime will not spend a day in jail, whereas a minority offender...
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  • Sac Exec Paper
    appeal than the Crown. • Judges have discretion whether to allow an appeal. • Appeals typically DOES NOT involve reconsideration of testimony or other evidence. • The Criminal Process Classic criminal courts oversee most of the criminal process, including: 1. Police powers -warrants 2. Bail 3. Plea bargaining-Happens...
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  • Legal
    of powers * Statute law * Defines criminal offences and defences, * provides guidelines as to law enforcement and sets limits upon discretion throughout the legal system. * Due to the division of powers, statute law operates on Federal and State levels: * Crimes Act 1914 (Cth)...
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  • Research Data
    enforcement officers face role ambiguity, social isolation, and threats of danger in working the streets. What effects do these strains have on police? The complexity of a law enforcement officer’s role such as the threat of using violence and having violence used against him or her, and the isolation...
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