Chapter Three and Nine
Socialization and Sex and Gender
What purpose does socialization serve?
What happens when children do not have an environment that supports positive socialization?
How does socialization occur?
Why is Socialization Important?
Socialization is the lifelong process...
life. Health and fitness can ease the transition into adulthood and create a safeguard from bad health. There are signs that aging is occurring when the five senses are being impaired, smell, sight, hearing, touch, and taste ("How the Five Senses Change with Age", 2011). When someone starts to lose...
. Having explored these factors, the implications for the counselor will also be discussed.
Many bodily changes take place over the entire lifespan— some beginning with birth. They are part of a relentless, post-maturational phenomenon called senescence (biologicalaging). Morrison (2009) points...
would later identify as Alzheimer's disease (Wikipedia 2008).
The textbook, Santrock, John W. Essentials of Life-span Development-1st Edition,. Chapter 15 (Physical and Cognitive Development in LateAdulthood,) pages 400-402 is about Alzheimer’s disease. The text explains that AD is a form...
disease process” (Clark & Caffarella, 1999, P. 5) The Biological principle describesaging and how it is a fact of life when referring to this principle it describes the process of the physical and biologicalchanges that will occur over the years. Although life expectancy has increased the human...
biological, physical and mental changes that occur in the lateadulthood stage of life. . The process of aging is not an easy process but a good diet and exercise can greatly affect this process. There are factors about the agingprocess that are inevitable. The transition into lateadulthood will...
transitions. There are many changes that occur during adulthood that can affect the family composition, how the individual copes with biologicalchanges as a result of aging, and how they perceive the idea of death and dying. Lester Burnham is simply a prime example of what it is like for a man in his mid 40...
for sexual problems.
As a man enters lateadulthood, it is normal for erections to occur less frequently. More stimulation is needed for arousal. The ability to have repeated ejaculations is lessened, but once achieved, an erection lasts longer. Ejaculation also can be delayed. Volume of semen...
will address some of these areas and provide additional links for further information.
Physical Development and Health Issues:
One of the major aspects of middle adulthood is the physical and biologicalchanges that occur in the body. Two of the most noticeable changes are seeing and hearing...
ethnicity affecthow people experience aging .
• Life Cycle Forces
One of the four basic forces of development that reflects differences in how the similar event affects people at different points in their lives such death of the loved one .This event affects people across ages.
four of Erikson’s stages.
11/1 Module 16
Describe the physical changes that occur in middle and lateadulthood.
Assess the impact of aging on memory.
Describe the themes and influences that mark our social journey from early adulthood to death.
Describe trends in people’s self-confidence and...
Maximum lifespan: the genetic limit to length of life for a person free of external risk factors
* Describe the basic changes in vision, hearing, skin, muscles, cardiovascular and immune systems, and sleep during lateadulthood.
Vision: blurry imaged and increase sensitivity to glare...
longitudinal study of moral development Conventional thinking (stages 3 and 4) ismoral reasoning at different ages Postconventional thinking (stage 5) firstnot predominant until after age 12 appears in adulthood, but is still rare in 30’s
14. How does Erickson’s theory describe the process of...
BROAD DOMAINS OF DEVELOPMENT:
Cognitive (glass of water)
Psychosocial (how we deal with emotions)
Definitions of development:
Growth: physical changes from birth to maturity (biologicalchanges)
Aging: (+) and (-) changes in the mature organism
individuals and social groups.
Main parts of the course
1. Social psychology.
2. Human development.
The main aim of this discipline: Aim of the course is to teach students to identify the factors that contribute to their social behavior and to recommend how to improve their communication...
details about the midlife crisis will be covered:
2) Daniel Shek’s Research
3) Common problems encountered in mid-life (Biological , Psychological , Social & family difficulties)
4) Difference between men & women
5) Contribution to future problem in lateadulthood
See overview of comparisons: Table 2-1; pp. 30-31
1. Psychoanalytic Perspective - concerned with unconscious forces that motivate human behavior
- Seeks to describe qualitative change, through clinical observation
- Originated with Sigmund Freud (1856-1939), Viennese...
Nature (i.e., genes) vs nurture (i.e., environment): an unhelpful dichotomy
Environment affects expression of genes
E.g., fetal programming or high fat/calorie diet in childhood
Epigentics effects are differences in gene expression
Most epigenetic changesoccur in early...
changes in middle adulthood: menopause
B. Physical changes in later life: life expectancy, sensory abilities, health, dementia and Alzheimer’s disease
C. Aging and memory: Recall versus recognition and prospective memory
D. Aging and intelligence: cross-sectional...