S-R Theory

Only available on StudyMode
  • Download(s) : 329
  • Published : October 7, 2008
Open Document
Text Preview
S-R Theory

Stimulus
Response
Theory

Classical conditioning
The memory system that links perceptual information to the proper motor response

Necessary component: Observable Experiments

The probability of a verbal response is conditional on four things: reinforcement, stimulus control, deprivation, and aversive stimulation.

If a dog brought its human a ball and the human pet it, the dog’s behavior would be reinforced, and it would be more apt to getting the ball in the future. Likewise, if the dog brought its human a ball and the human kicked it, the dog’s behavior would be punished, and it would be less likely to do it.

Verbal behavior is simply behavior subject to the same controlling variables as any other operant behavior

The probability of a verbal response was conditional on four things: reinforcement, stimulus control, deprivation, and aversive stimulation.

Like parent and child situation, parent point at ball and say ball, keep repeating, and the child will learn that the ball the parent is referring to is actually a ball

Classical conditioning- The memory system that links perceptual information to the proper motor response

Operant Conditioning (B.F. Skinner)
Overview:
The theory of B.F. Skinner is based upon the idea that learning is a function of change in overt behavior. Changes in behavior are the result of an individual's response to events (stimuli) that occur in the environment. A response produces a consequence such as defining a word, hitting a ball, or solving a math problem. When a particular Stimulus-Response (S-R) pattern is reinforced (rewarded), the individual is conditioned to respond. The distinctive characteristic of operant conditioning relative to previous forms of behaviorism (e.g., Thorndike, Hull) is that the organism can emit responses instead of only eliciting response due to an external stimulus. Reinforcement is the key element in Skinner's S-R theory....
tracking img