Folktales are one of the forms of prose narrative which we regarded as fiction. They are not considered as dogma or history, they may or may not have happened, and they are not to be taken seriously.1
However, folktales like other stories provide various experiences that is why they are important. Folktales are not merely stories but there are morals in them, probably not obvious but underlying morals in it. In like manner, folktales may not be history but surely mirrors the people‟s way of living in the past. They also reflect the cultural heritage of every Filipino which is different from the young Filipino ways of life nowadays.
Corollary to this study, several writers perceived that Filipino folktales are stories that form part of the oral tradition in the Philippines. They have been passed on from generation to generation by word of mouth rather than by writing, and thus the stories have been modified by successive retellings before they were written down and recorded. Folktales in general include legends, fables, jokes, tall stories and fairy tales. Many of the folktales in the Philippines involve mythical creatures and magical
1Damiana L.Eugenio,Philippine Folk Literature: The Folktales. Quezon City: UP Press. 2011.
2 Nagasura T. Madale, Tales From Lake Lanao and Other Essays, National Commission for Culture and the Arts, 2001.
Moreover, the researchers found out that before the advent of internet, newspapers, radio, television, and other types of media, the world relied on storytellers for entertainment and education. Storytellers related magical tales to eager listeners that taught valuable lessons by providing glimpses into strange, faraway worlds. These stories continued to thrive, passed down throughout the centuries.
Thus, there is no better way to practice nationalism and love of our country than to read and enjoy reading, the stories such as legends, myths, and folktales as told by, and for, by our own people. For in these stories, we discover the vigor and charm of our traditions, the beauty and or our customs, the uniqueness of our mores, as well as the pitfalls of our own rich cultural heritage of which we can be proud of.3
The problem in our present generation is that people no longer take joy in language that we are losing not only the ability to tell stories but also the ability to communicate using images and words like in the folktales. In fact one of our respondents4 stated that young people from their Barangay are nowadays forgetting and neglecting their folktales. He further stated that because of industrialization and westernization the young generation is busy studying and doing things that are important for them. And, as these influences approach and becoming powerful, it is important to young Filipinos to be knowledgeable regarding their heritage that shapes their identity as a Filipino.
3Ibid,, p. 143.
4An interview with Abdul Razid Pagadatan, 46 years old.A Barangay Councilor of Basak Malutlut, Marawi City. Interview was conducted at his residence on January 26, 2013.
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
This study attempts to gather materials from M‟ranao folktales. It also intends to explore how these folktales reflected the identity and culture of the M‟ranaos. In this endeavor, the researchers sought to answer the following questions:
1. What are the M‟ranao folktales?
2. How did these folktales originate?
3. What are the moral values of each of the tales?
4. What are the relevance of these tales to M‟ranaos‟ cultural identity and history?
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
This study is significant because it aspires to bring out the different M‟ranao values from their folktales for a better understanding of their group. This is also significant because it will help preserve the M‟ranao folk literature. The researchers therefore is motivated to study the...