Accounting Dictionary – 27 - DIR
A&E can mean either Appropriation & Expense or Analysis & Evaluation. : Có thể được hiểu là Riêng biệt và Chi phí hoặc Phân tích và Ước lượng A&G is Adminstrative & General. : Quản trị và Tổng quát A&M is Additions and Maintenance. :Thêm vào và Bảo trì A&P is an acronym for Administrative and Personnel. Dạng viết tắt của Quản trị và Cá nhân ABA (Accredited Business Accountant or Accredited Business Advisor), in the US, is a national credential conferred by Accreditation Council for Accountancy and Taxation to professionals who specialize in supporting the financial needs of individuals and small to medium sized businesses. ABA is the only nationally recognized alternative to the CPA. Most accredited individuals do not perform audits. Generally, they are small business owners themselves. In addition to general accounting work, CPAs are also heavily schooled in performing audits; however, only a small fraction of America's businesses require an audit. In general, a CPA has majored in accounting, passed the CPA examination and is licensed to perform audits. An ABA has majored in accounting, passed the ABA comprehensive examination and in most states is not licensed to perform audits. ABATEMENT, in general, is the reduction or lessening. In law, it is the termination or suspension of a lawsuit. For example, an abatement of taxes is a tax decrease or rebate. : Hạ giá hoặc giảm giá: ABC see ACTIVITY BASED COSTING. : Xác định chi phí theo PP ABC ABM see ACTIVITY BASED MANAGEMENT.
ABOVE THE LINE, in accounting, denotes revenue and expense items that enter fully and directly into the calculation of periodic net income, in contrast to below the line items that affect capital accounts directly and net income only indirectly. Được hiểu là Doanh thu và Chi phí được tính toán đầy đủ và chính xác trước thu nhập. Ngược lại có nghĩa là sẽ ảnh hưởng trực tiếp đến Tài khoản vốn và ảnh hưởng gián tiếp doanh thu thuần ABOVE THE LINE, for the individual, is a term derived from a solid bold line on Form 1040 and 1040A above the line for adjusted gross income. Items above the line prior to coming to adjusted gross income, for example, can include: IRA contributions, half of the self-employment tax, self-employed health insurance deduction, Keogh retirement plan and self-employed SEP deduction, penalty on early withdrawal of savings, and alimony paid. A taxpayer can take deductions above the line and still claim the standard deduction. ABSORB is to assimilate, transfer or incorporate amounts in an account or a group of accounts in a manner in which the first entity loses its identity and is "absorbed" within the second entity. For example, see ABSORPTION COSTING. ABSORPTION see ABSORB.
ABSORPTION COSTING is the method under which all manufacturing costs, both variable and fixed, are treated as product costs with non-manufacturing costs, e.g. selling and administrative expenses, being treated as period costs. ABSORPTION VARIANCE is the variance from budgeted absorption costing of manufactured product. See also ABSORPTION COSTING. ACAT (Accreditation Council for Accountancy and Taxation) is a national organization established in 1973 as a non-profit independent testing, accrediting and monitoring organization. The Council seeks to identify professionals in independent practice who specialize in providing financial, accounting and taxation services to individuals and small to mid-size businesses. Professionals receive accreditation through examination and/or coursework and maintain accreditation through commitment to a significant program of continuing professional education and adherence to the Council's Code of Ethics and Rules of Professional Conduct. ACB normally refers to 'adjusted cost base.' : Điều chỉnh chi phí cơ bản ACCELERATED DEPRECIATION is a method of calculating depreciation with larger amounts in the first year(s). Phương pháp khấu hao nhanh. : Là Phương pháp tính khấu hao với số khấu hao lớn nhất...
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