E-Waste Management in Pakistan
Zaigham Abbas Technical Officer (Chemicals) Ministry of Environment Government of Pakistan
Regional Workshop on WEEE/E-Waste Management, 6 - 9 July 2010, Osaka, Japan 1
INTRODUCTION OF ORGANIZATION
Ministry of Environment is responsible for National Environment Policy, Planning and International Environment Coordination.
PAKISTAN: STATUS OF ENVIRONMENT
Constitution of the Pakistan Environmental Protection Council (PEPC) headed by the Prime Minister of Pakistan is the highest forum responsible for strategic policy decision in environment and sustainable development Establishment of Federal & Provincial Environmental Protection Agencies (EPA), Enacted the Pakistan Environmental Protection Act 1997. Prepared and enforced the National Environment Quality Standards (NEQS) for monitoring of the industrial and other environment pollution.
PAKISTAN & MULTILATERAL ENVIRONMENTAL AGREEMENTS (MEAs)
Pakistan is party to the following chemicals and waste related conventions:
Basel Convention on the Control of Trans-Boundary Movement of Hazardous waste and their Disposal Rotterdam Convention on Prior Informed Consent for Certain Hazardous Chemicals Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants Vienna Convention and Montreal Protocol on Ozone Depleting Substances (ODS) 4
POLICY AND LEGAL FRAMEWORK REGARDING ENVIRONMENT
National Environment Policy:
Environment Policy of Pakistan was approved on 29 June 2005. National Environmental Policy is an overarching framework for addressing all sectors of environment at national level. It also gives directions for addressing the cross-sectoral issues as well as under lying causes of environmental degradation and meeting international obligations.
LEGAL FRAMEWORK REGARDING ENVIRONMENT
Pakistan Environmental Protection Act 1997 focuses on;
Protection, conservation, rehabilitation and improvement of environment Prevention and control of pollution Promotion of sustainable development.
National Legal Instruments that Cover E-Waste in Pakistan
Section 13 of The Pakistan Environmental Protection Act 1997, prohibits the import of hazardous waste and Section 14 disallows handling of hazardous elements. Government of Pakistan imposed 25 percent tax on computer screens. National Environment Policy 2005 Hospital Waste Management Rules Solid Waste Management Rules Draft Hazardous Waste Management Rules 7
CHEMICALS & WASTE MANAGEMENT IN PAKISTAN
• National Technical Advisory Committee on Chemicals (NTACC) has been established to review and evaluates concerns of industrial chemicals and waste to take appropriate decisions. FBR is managing import / Export control system related to different chemicals and waste.
CHEMICAL MANAGEMENT IN PAKISTAN
A National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) is also established for Emergency Coordination in case of chemical disaster in the country.
NDMA is being assisted by Ministry of Industries, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Federal Board of Revenue (FBR), Ministry of Environment and Ministry of Commerce.
The matters related to pesticides industry are being managed by the Ministry of Food & Agriculture .
CHEMICAL MANAGEMENT IN PAKISTAN(Activities/Projects)
Inventories on sources of PCBs, Dioxins, Furans and POPs pesticides have been developed in accordance with guidelines of Stockholm Convention on POPs Kasur Tannery Pollution Control Project (KTPCP) (Treating 12700 M3 tannery waste water of 237 leather industries). Cleaner Production Center (CPC-Sialkot) for introducing CP technologies and chrome recovery plant. Individual waste water treatment plants are working in different industries like Textile, Dairy, Paper and Pulp etc.
CHEMICAL MANAGEMENT IN PAKISTAN
UNITAR Pilot Project (2006-09) for SAICM Implementation in Pakistan...
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