What is e-waste?
E-waste is those waste materials consisting of any broken or unwanted / obsolete electrical or electronic appliances & gadgets. If it is not carried out properly it can dangerous to the human health or to the environment.
India currently produces 500,000 tones of e-waste annually and the figure is expected to touch one million tones in 2012. However, India lacks a proper e-waste disposal system and it is left up to the unorganized sector to dispose of the waste.
The unorganized sector uses uncontrolled burning and disassembly to discard the waste, leading to environmental and health problems uneducated workers are exposed to toxic fumes as they don’t even use protective gear. The improper disposal also allows toxic substances to travel up the Food and Water chain.
We shred all kinds of electrical and electronic goods using eco friendly methods. We shred the parts into pieces, segregate the pieces and then send them to smelting companies. Unlike the kabadis, we use no chemicals or flames so our method of recycling has zero hazards.
There is a need to introduce incentives so that people return their electrical and electronic good to the manufacturer when they bought a new piece.
There is a need of involving the youth to solve the problem of e-waste.
How the e-waste is generating?
From getting rid of old machines, to selling the metals recovered from them, here is a step-by-step description is given:
• The all obsolete electronics goods, mobiles phones dumped or sold to Kabadiwallah (scrap holder) • Kabadiwallah picks up all useful materials and remaining materials sells to the Local scrap dealer. • Local scrap dealer separate the materials into categories and sells it to another (High level) scrap dealer. • After acid-washing or burning, metals like silver, aluminum, copper, iron, steel, brass etc are recovered. • Jewellers buy the all expensive metals out of the recovered metals from the electronics. • Then all remaining solid materials which contain the mostly Plastics (PVC’s) are thrown in the Environment.
Only 40% of e-wastes are recycle in India:
While an estimated 5 lakh tonnes of e-waste is generated in India, about 50,000 tonnes is imported or dumped in the country. Only 40 per cent of India's total e-waste is recycled, and the rest is left in storehouses due to an inefficient collection system. Currently e-waste recycling, especially processing, remains concentrated in the informal sector, which due to poor processing technologies and small capacities have failed to significantly control pollution and environmental degradation. The e-waste assessment study covered over 200 corporate houses and close to 400 households. According to the study, 94 per cent of the organizations surveyed did not have any policy on disposal of obsolete IT products. This situation could assume alarming proportions. Therefore it is time we paid serious attention to the issue and took corrective action to contain this problem. Manufacturers' Association for Information Technology (MAIT) has appealed to the government to adopt an inclusive model by identifying and defining the roles of each stakeholder including vendors, users, recyclers and the regulator for environment-friendly recycling. The informal recyclers should also be included in this model and an awareness campaign put in place to ensure that the right information on e-waste reaches all stakeholders in a timely manner.
What are the Most Hazardous Wastes?
1. Cathode Ray Tubes (CRTs)
CRT monitors and TVs contain and average of 4 pounds of lead each. Excessive lead and other toxins pose a problem in landfills because they can leak into. In combustors, the lead winds up on the ash remains, which in turn disposed of in landfills. Lead exposure has been linked with learning disabilities, behavioral problems and at very high levels, seizures, coma and even death.
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