Oscar Wilde’s The Nightingale and the Rose, similar to other Oscar Wilde’s short stories, is written in an aesthetic voice. Throughout the story, Oscar Wilde employs various stylistic devices for the expression of aesthetic concept. In order to show how Oscar Wilde engross readers in this incredible story through stylistics analysis, this paper firstly presents an overview of stylistics based on the textbook English Stylistics by Xu Youzhi and gives a brief introduction of Oscar Wilde and some knowledge on The Nightingale and the Rose. Then, with the basis of stylistic theory, a comprehensive stylistic analysis of the story in phonetic, lexical, syntactic, semantic and contextual aspects will be carried out. Finally, this thesis will try to summarize the stylistic features, which help Oscar Wilde create a story that successfully absorbs and shocks whoever reads it. Key words: stylistic analysis, The Nightingale and the Rose, Oscar Wilde, aesthetic voice Comment:
1. A table of contents is needed to show the organization of your ideas. 2. A literature review on the previous studies of the story by critics is a must, so that you can find the features and limitations of their studies, and then decide on your own aspect of study. 3. You failed to indicate the theme of The Nightingale and the Rose. 4. For a story, the creation of a setting, the spots, the portrayal of characters, the conflict between characters shown by their actions and speeches are the conventional means for the author to present the theme. Therefore, it is essential for you to elaborate how the author succeeds in the above-mentioned aspects by means of language. 5. The linguistic features in the text are demonstrated by high frequency. For example, on the lexical level, what are the author’s preferences? Nouns or Verbs? What are their ratios? Among nouns, what is the ratio of abstract ones as against concrete ones? 6. For all the information you have put in the essay, you are required to indicate their sources each by means of brackets and then to match them in the references at the end of the essay.
1. Overview of Stylistics
1.1 Definitions of stylistics
Stylistics refers to stylistic study specially. The aim of the stylistic study is to interpret the literary meaning and aesthetic effect of literature texts linguistically. There are many definitions on the stylistics. Leech and Short（1981:23）defined that “Compared with many other studies, literary stylistics is a new science, a linguistic approach towards literature works. It applies theories of modern linguistics to the study of literature and attempts to relate the critic’s concern with aesthetic appreciation and the readers’ intuition with the linguist’s concern with linguistic description”. Thornborrow and Wareing（1998:3）defined that “By far the most common kind of material studied（by stylistics）is literature.” This thesis mainly depends on Xu Youzhi’s view on stylistics. He said(2005: 1)：“The stylistics we are discussing here is modern stylistics, a discipline that applies concepts and techniques of modern linguistics to the study of styles of language use. It has two subdivisions: general stylistics and literary stylistics, with the latter concentrating solely on unique features of various literary works, and the former on the general features of various types of language use.” That is to say, stylistics goes beyond the linguistic description of the literature texts; its final purpose is to relate literary effects to relevant linguistic causes. It is the most explored section in the stylistic domain.
1.2 The Concern of Stylistic
The style is a pattern of linguistic features distinguishing one piece of writing from another or one category of writing from another. A writer’s style often varies from work to work; there is usually enough uniformity in one’s article to allow the readers to observe that this overall...