A Study on Work Stress Among Women Employee

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Pacific Business Review International Pacific Volume 5 Issue 2 (August 2012) Business Review International

A Study on Stress Management among Women College Teachers in Tamilnadu, India DR.J.VIJAYADURAI*, MR.S.VENKATESH**
Stress at work can be a real problem to the organization as well as for its workers. Good management and good work organization are the best forms of stress prevention. If employees are already stressed, their managers should be aware of it and know to help. Work related stress is the response people may have when present with work demands and pressures that are not matched to their knowledge and abilities and which challenge their ability to cope. Stress occurs in a wide range of work circumstances but is often made worse when employees feel they have little support from supervisors and colleagues and where they can cope with its demands and pressures. There is often confusion between pressure or challenge and stress and sometimes it is used to excuse bad management practice. In the workplace and at home, stress and other difficult situation are at an all- time high. Factors such as job insecurity, long hours, continuous change and unrealistic deadlines can cause serious problem for workers. The aim and goal of the paper is to know the various factors to stimulate stress level among women teachers in college level. Workplace stress occurs when there is an imbalance the demands and perceived pressures of the work environment and an individual ability to cope. An individual's experience of stress at work is to a large extent affected by the level of control they have over their working condition / pressures, the degree of support they receive from others in the workplace and the strategies they use to respond to work pressures. Keywords - Stress, Women college teachers, Causes and consequences

Introduction
Nowadays stress becomes universal phenomenon. Abrol (1990) discussed about, Every person wants more and more for the attainment of pleasure, due to this competition is increased in every field of life and this competition generates stress among people no doubt the competition is must but we don't ignore its result in the recent years as more and more women are coming to take on many jobs. But these women college teachers facing various

challenges, one is stress and stress is one cause of coronary heart disease. Stress is common among the career women at workplace. Nowadays the percentage of coronary heart disease is increased among Women College teachers the main causes are work related stress, value conflict, type of work, standard of living, nutrition, lack of physical exercise. Aditi and Kumari (2005) discussed in their research women teachers facing lot of problems like overweight, body ache, and psychosomatic effect etc. These women working in under stress because of they have to perform various

*Professor-MBA., N.M.S.S.Vellaichamy Nadar College,Madurai.Tamilnadu **Assistant professor-MBA, J.J.College of Engineering and Technology,Tiruchirappalli,Tamilnadu

Volume 5 Issue 2 (August 2012)
roles. The expectation are high from women's if they working as college teachers. They have the pressure of balancing work and family. All these factors influence in health-William (1991) and weib (1991) suggest about the health problem of career women. Bluementhol (1995) also investigated the job stress affect on health. Sudan (1998) remarks that psychomatic disorders are increasing rapidly. It is a general belief in many cultures that the role of women is to build and maintain the homely affairs like task of fetching water, cooking and rearing children. Since the turn of the century, the status of women in India has been changing due to growing industrialization, urbanisation, spatial mobility and social legislation Anitha Devi (2007). With the spread of education and awareness, women have shifted from kitchen to higher level of professional activities.

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Chantal Guimont, Chantal...
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