A Particular Research of the United Kingdom

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Theoretical introduction to the United Kingdom characteristics supported by data interpreted as descriptive statistics and graphic elements. p
Instituto Politecnico
de Braganca
A particular research of the United Kingdom
The report contains statistics rates with relevant explanations.

Prepared by Karyna Radzykhovska and Viktor Darii, November 2012.

Demography and Geography

Location: Western Europe, consisting of Great Britain (England, Wales, and Scotland ) and Northern Ireland; islands - including the northern one-sixth of the island of Ireland - between the North Atlantic Ocean and the North Sea; northwest of France; the UK is also surrounded by the English Channel and the Irish Sea.

England accounts for just over half of the total area of the UK, covering 130,395 square kilometers (50,350 sq mi). Most of the country consists of lowland terrain, with mountainous terrain north-west of the Tees-Exe line;

Scotland accounts for just under a third of the total area of the UK, covering 78,772 square kilometers (30,410 sq mi) and including nearly eight hundred islands, predominantly west and north of the mainland; notably the Hebrides, Orkney Islands and Shetland Islands.

Wales accounts for less than a tenth of the total area of the UK, covering 20,779 square kilometers (8,020 sq mi). Wales is mostly mountainous, though South Wales is less mountainous than North and mid Wales. The main population and industrial areas are in South Wales, consisting of the coastal cities of Cardiff, Swansea and Newport, and the South Wales Valleys to their north.

Northern Ireland accounts for just 14,160 square kilometres (5,470 sq mi) and is mostly hilly. It includes Lough Neagh which, at 388 square kilometres (150 sq mi), is the largest lake in the British Isles by area.

Area: total: 243,610 sq km
country comparison to the world: 80
land: 241,930 sq km
water: 1,680 sq km
note: includes Rockall and Shetland Islands.
Important rivers flowing into the North Sea are the Thames, Humber, Tees, and Tyne. In the west are the Severn and Wye, which empty into the Bristol Channel and are navigable, as are the Mersey and Ribble.

Cities: Capital - London (metropolitan pop. about 8.615 million). Other cities - Birmingham, Glasgow, Leeds, Sheffield, Liverpool, Bradford, Manchester, Edinburgh, Bristol, Belfast. Climate: Generally mild and temperate; weather is subject to frequent changes but not often to temperature extremes. The temperature varies with the seasons seldom dropping below −11 °C (12 °F) or rising above 35 °C (95 °F). Atlantic currents, warmed by the Gulf Stream, bring mild winters; especially in the west where winters are wet and even more so over high ground. Summers are warmest in the south-east of England, being closest to the European mainland, and coolest in the north. Heavy snowfall can occur in winter and early spring on high ground, and occasionally settles to great depth away from the hills. Land use: 25% arable, 46% meadows and pastures, 10% forests and woodland, 19% other. Population: 62,698,362

Annual population growth rate: 0.557%.
Ethnic groups: White 92.1% (of which English 83.6%, Scottish 8.6%, Welsh 4.9%, Northern Irish 2.9%), black 2%, Indian 1.8%, Pakistani 1.3%, mixed 1.2%, other 1.6%. Languages: English, Welsh, Irish Gaelic, Scottish Gaelic

Age structure: 0-14 years: 17.3% (male 5,597,024/ female 5,321,456) 15-64 years: 65.8% (male 20,980,815/ female 20,479,803)
65 years and over: 16.9% (male 4,732,895/ female 5,935,169)
Median age: total: 40.2 years
male: 39 years
female: 41.2 years
Birth rate: 12.27 births/1,000 population
country comparison to the world: 161
Death rate: 2.59 migrant(s)/1,000 population
country comparison to the world: 29
Migration: The ONS reported that net migration rose from 2009 to 2010 by 21 percent to 239,000. In 2011 the net increase was 251,000: immigration was 589,000, while the number of people emigrating (for more than 12 months) was...
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