A New Idea for Europe: Pascal Fontaine's The Schuman Declaration

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A new idea
for Europe
The Schuman declaration — 1950–2000
by Pascal Fontaine

Second edition

Pascal Fontaine, Professor at the Institute of Political Studies, Paris, was born in 1948. A docteur d’État in political sciences, he was Jean Monnet’s last assistant and worked with him from 1973 to 1977. He was chef de cabinet of the President of the European Parliament from 1984 to 1987.

This text is signed by its author and does not necessarily reflect the views of the European Commission.

CONTENTS
I NTRODUCTION





EUROPE AT THE SERVICE OF PEACE AND DEMOCRACY
A HISTORIC SUCCESS
THE CHALLENGES OF THE FUTURE
THE TOPICALITY OF THE COMMUNITY METHOD

I — THE SCHUMAN PLAN:
A RESPONSE TO THE PROBLEMS OF THE POST-WAR PERIOD





HISTORICAL BACKGROUND
JEAN MONNET’S IDEAS
THE DECLARATION OF 9 MAY 1950
THE PREPARATION OF THE ECSC TREATY

II — THE SCHUMAN PLAN: THE BIRTH OF COMMUNITY EUROPE



THE INNOVATORY PRINCIPLES OF THE FIRST EUROPEAN COMMUNITY
THE ECSC, THE FIRST STONE IN THE EUROPEAN EDIFICE

5
5
5
8
8

10
10
11
12
15

17
17
20

III — QUESTIONS FOR THE EUROPE OF THE 21ST CENTURY




23
THE CURRENT ENLARGEMENT PROCESS: AN INVESTMENT
FOR PEACE IN EUROPE
24
INSTITUTIONAL REFORM FOR A STRONG, DEMOCRATIC UNION
26
A POLITICAL UNION TO SAFEGUARD THE SECURITY OF EUROPE’S CITIZENS 29

CONCLUSION:
THE CITIZEN AT THE HEART OF THE EUROPEAN PROJECT
ANNEXES



DECLARATION OF 9 MAY 1950
CHRONOLOGY OF THE BUILDING OF EUROPE

35
36
36
38

3

INTRODUCTION

Europe at the service of peace and
democracy

countries have to face up to in a world of
deep-seated and relentless change.

Community Europe is celebrating its 50th
anniversary.

Could anyone have foreseen this immense
desire for democracy and peace which ultimately brought down the Berlin Wall, put the responsibility for their destinies back
into the hands of the people of central and
eastern Europe and today, with the prospect
before long of further enlargement to seal
the unity of the continent, gives a new
dimension to the ideal of European
construction?

On 9 May 1950, Robert Schuman made
history by putting to the Federal Republic of
Germany, and to the other European countries who so wished, the idea of creating a Community of pacific interests. In so doing
he extended a hand to yesterday’s enemies
and erased the bitterness of war and the
burden of the past. In addition, he set in
train a completely new process in international relations by proposing to old nations to together recover, by exercising jointly
their sovereignty, the influence which each
of them was incapable of exercising alone.
The construction of Europe has since then
moved forward every day. It represents the
most significant undertaking of the 20th
century and a new hope at the dawn of the
new century. It derives its momentum from
the far-sighted and ambitious project of the
founding fathers who emerged from the
second world war driven by the resolve to
establish between the peoples of Europe
the conditions for a lasting peace. This
momentum is regenerated unceasingly,
spurred on by the challenges which our

A historic success
As we approach the dawn of the third
millennium, a look back over the 50 years
of progress towards European integration
shows that the European Union is a historic
success. Countries which were hitherto
enemies, and in most cases, ravaged by the
most horrific atrocities this continent has
ever known, today share a common
currency, the euro, and manage their
economic and commercial interests within
the framework of joint institutions.
Europeans now settle their differences
through peaceful means, applying the rule
of law and seeking conciliation. The spirit

5

Greece
Portugal
Spain
Italy
France
Luxembourg
Ireland
United Kingdom
Belgium
Netherlands
Germany
Denmark
Austria
Sweden
Finland

6

EU Member States (*)...
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