A Manual for Literature Review

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 What Is Literature Review?  Why Do Literature Review?  The Steps of Literature Review  Tips for Literature Review  Last but not the least

2010-10-13

Japanese winner of Nobel prize in Chemistry

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What Is Literature Review?
“... a literature review uses as its database reports of primary or original scholarship, and does not report new primary scholarship itself. The primary reports used in the literature may be verbal, but in the vast majority of cases reports are written documents. The types of scholarship may be empirical, theoretical, critical/analytic, or methodological in nature. Second a literature review seeks to describe, summarize, evaluate, clarify and/or integrate the content of primary reports.” Source: Cooper, H. M. (1988), “The structure of knowledge synthesis”, Knowledge in Society, Vol. 1, pp. 104-126

In a word, literature review is a critical summary and an assessment of the current state of knowledge or current state of the art in a particular field. 2010-10-13 A Manual of Literature Review 3

Why Do Literature Review?

to let researchers and readers know the relationship between your research and former researches, including the strengths and weaknesses of former research Literature review should be done around your research topic. However, it should be noted that literatures you reviewed may be related to your research in other aspects, like research questions, research target, concept framework, and/or method and procedure. Before finishing literature review, it is impossible for you to decide the definition of research questions and targets.

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A Manual of Literature Review

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Why Do Literature Review?
Several other purposes and benefits by doing literature review 





to avoid unfounded research and over repetition on the research already done by former researchers to identify gaps in the literature, to find new research frontiers, and to confirm how, where and by what way should your current research be done to increase existing knowledge to provide a train of thought and guidance for following situation:  how to solve the problems you may face 

 

technologies data sources other research methods you haven’t come into your mind A Manual of Literature Review 5

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The Steps of Literature Review

 Step 1: Define the problem
It is important to define the problem or area which you wish to address. Having a purpose for your literature review will narrow the scope of what you need to look for when you read.

2010-10-13

A Manual of Literature Review

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The Steps of Literature Review
 Step 2: Carry out a search for relevant materials
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books (monographs, text books, reference books); articles from journals, whether print or electronic (but make sure electronic journals have been subject to the peer review process); newspaper articles; historical records; commercial reports and statistical information; government reports and statistical information; theses and dissertations; other types of information which may be relevant to your particular discipline. A Manual of Literature Review 7

2010-10-13

The Steps of Literature Review
 Step 2: Carry out a search for relevant materials
In Tokyo Tech, there several ways to search literatures  Firstly, you can access the website: http://www.libra.titech.ac.jp/databases/ to find the related databases. For example, here are some common used databases: CiNii



EBSCO host

Engineering Village

SciFinder Web

Web of Science

Secondly, you can use the Google Scholar to search the literatures you are interested in. Some of these literatures are free, and some of them are free, but you can access them by the location of Tokyo Tech if Tokyo Tech has bought the databases. A Manual of Literature Review 8

2010-10-13

The Steps of Literature Review
 Step 2: Carry out a search for relevant materials
In Tokyo Tech, there...
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