A Longhouse Villiage

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The Native American Indians
Once, long ago in time, Native Americans lived in our great land. They lived in villages with longhouses, wigwams and gardens. These villages had palisades made of wooden poles to protect their village against enemies. A village could have as many as 30 longhouses, with as many as 100 people living in each. Longhouse villages were built along shores of rivers and streams so people would have a fresh supply of water for drinking and bathing.

The Native Americans built villages to survive the elements and wild. The Algonquin Indians built roundhouses and the Iroquois Indians built longhouses. Specifically, they used wood and bark of an elm tree. The Algonquin Indians built roundhouses by driving poles into the ground and the poles are 2 feet apart and bent so they came together over the center and the ends were tied together with strips of bark and vines. A hole was left in the top of the round house to let smoke escape from the fire. Roundhouses are much smaller then Longhouses and only large enough for one family. Consequently, if the longhouses and roundhouses didn't have holes left in the ceilings to allow smoke from cooking and heating fires to escape they would fill with too much smoke. Therefore, they had to tolerate the smoke when it rained, snowed or hailed.

The Native Americans protected their village. Clearly, the men defended and protected the women, children and the other people of the village. They made armor out of wood to fend of arrows. For instance, people fleeing from the Iroquois were tortured if they showed signs of weakness if they did not show signs of weaknesses the Iroquois respected them. if they were captives they may be tortured for days or maybe even weeks. In particular, they encircled their village with a palisade. A...
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