MOHAMMED ALIYU ABUBAKAR
DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY
FACULTY OF ARTS
AHMADU BELLO UNIVERSITY, ZARIA-NIGERIA
I hereby certified that this thesis has been read and approved as meeting the requirement of the undergraduate work of Ahmadu Bello University Zaria, B.A. History.
Mal. S.M Aminu Date
Dr. Musa Adamu Mamman Date
Head of Department
I hereby declare that this project has been written by me and that it is both a record and product of my own independent academic research. It has not been presented in any previous application for a degree in any university or institution. All materials and sources of information consulted are adequately acknowledged by way of references.
I dedicate this work to my parents, all the Mohammed’s’ family, friends, and all the people of Abaji.
This work would have been impossible without the co-operation of my supervisor Mal. Safiyanu.M Aminu whose co-operation and constant supervision installed discipline, focus and the right attitude to work in me. He read through the entire manuscript and offered me the useful suggestions. I also acknowledged the services of the officials of the National Archives Kaduna for giving me maximum support in finding the needed resources for this work. I also acknowledge the advice and encouragement which I received from my parents, relatives and especially my teachers who encourage me throughout my work and Bar. Musa Tutulahi of Abaji. God bless you all.
The theme of this research which covers a period of sixty years 1900-1960, is the study of the Native Authority system in Abaji. The period covers the era of British Colonial administration in Abaji. The study examines and analyzes the general impact of British colonial administration in the region which affect the socio-economic and political settings in the region. The research is in five chapters, with each chapter discussing the development in Abaji during these years. Chapter one gives a general background of Abaji before it’s conquest by the British, chapter two analyses the society of Abaji before British conquest, chapter three covers the era of British conquest, penetration and establishment of its administration in Abaji, which saw the series of colonial activities in the region, while chapter four examines Abaji’s Native Authority at the period of decolonization and political development up to 1960.
Abaji has been a society with its own socio-economic and political control before the advent of the British. With the British conquest of the region, a new system of administration was put in place. This does away with the existing traditional institutional setup. Thus this saw the establishment of the Native Authority system as the instrument of administration in Abaji. Throughout the colonial era, there were series of new development in Abaji in general. This can be seen in the social, economic and political activities in the region. The idea of taxation was also induced in the region for revenue collection to basically finance the administration of the region. Toward the end of the 1950’s the Native Authority witnessed several development in relation to the independence of the region in 1960. Representation in the Native Authority was gradually increased during this time. Generally the impact of British colonial administration can be seen during these years in Abaji in its socio-economic settings.
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