A DESCRIPTIVE STUDY OF THE PRACTICE OF MUSIC THERAPY IN HONG KONG
By LAM HOI YAN
The purpose of the study was to examine the development of music therapy in Hong Kong. Specifically, a number of related issues were studied including
definition of music therapy, the origin of music therapy, the recent developments in music therapy in China, establishment of a music therapy session, and the setting of therapeutic goals and the use of techniques in the professional practices of music therapy. Data were obtained by interviewing local music therapists, focusing on the
current professional status and practice of music therapy in Hong Kong. Finally, this paper evaluated the challenges of developing music therapy in Hong Kong in the contexts of Hong Kong’s culture and society.
I am deeply appreciative of Prof. Manny Brand for his guidance and assistance in producing this thesis. He has inspired me and made me aware of the possible I am
ways to get the work done when I was quite confused at the initial stage. grateful to him for his useful advices and encouragement.
I am indebted to the following music therapists for their participation in interviews, support and suggestions on this project: Raymond Ng, Ivory Chan, Andrea Chan, Joanna Chan and Yasmin Li. It is my great pleasure to know all of them.
Last, but by no means least, I wish to t\hank my dear parents for the love and support they have given to me so freely throughout my life, for the musical opportunities that they made available to me as a child, and for teaching me to do my very best in everything I undertake.
TABLE OF CONTENT CHAPTER I
Definition of Music Therapy Historical Use of Healing in Music Recent Development of Music Therapy in China
3 5 12
Music Therapy as a Professional Career Music Therapists working in Hong Kong Organizations Providing Music Therapy Service Main Population of Clients and Locations of Service Delivery Literature on Music Therapy Requirements of being a Music Therapist Certification/ Licensing
16 18 21 23 25 27 29
Establishing a Music Therapy Practice Goals of Music Therapy Selected Music Therapy Techniques Use of Music in a Music Therapy Session
30 32 35 38
Traditional Chinese Beliefs and Attitudes toward Disabilities Professional Status Local Health Care System
41 44 47
Summary Conclusion Recommendations
53 55 56
APPENDIX A APPENDIX B BIBLIOGRAPHY
58 60 77
CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION: ORGIN OF MUSIC THERAPY
Music is an art deeply rooted in human nature. From the ancient to the present, music seems to be the essential part of human beings and musical activities are indispensably to human’s life. It is no doubt to say that music has traditionally
been regarded as an enjoyable, pleasurable, and aesthetic experience, furthermore, it is seen inherently throughout the history that music as a therapeutic tool. For example, singing, chanting, dancing and drumming in spiritual and ritual ceremonies were common and usual in almost every tribal societies. These activities served as
a connection to higher spiritual forces and music is thought as a therapy on an unconscious level in such phenomenon.
Turning music therapy into a profession has resulted from contribution of pioneers in the United States since 1960s. The profession of music therapy had
been growing fast and blossomed in most European countries in the subsequent few decades. As music therapy leaders traveled around the world and promoted music therapy, it later came to Asian countries like Japan and Taiwan. In the past decade, many Asian music therapists who were trained abroad returned to their homeland and practiced music therapy. Music therapy first came to my attention as I saw a television program about
music therapy in Hong...