A Description of the Theory of Natural Law

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Natural Law is a Theory that says that there is an existence of a law that is set by nature and applies everywhere because it is ingrained within our beings and can be discovered through the human ability to reason. Natural law is: Universal, unchanging and constant – these are all qualities which clearly show that it is an absolute theory. " There will not be one law at Rome and another at Athens "

- - Cicero
It is accessible through the natural order of the world – through observation of its design, and by using human reason to evaluate the moral law through this. Natural Law is also Deontological therefore a non-consequential approach to ethics, meaning that the outcome of an action is irrelevant because the action itself is intrinsically good or bad. Because Natural Law is judged on weather it is in accordance with the way that the world was designed, everything is created with a purpose and particular design; fulfilling that purpose is 'good' towards which everything aims, therefore, followers of natural law believe homosexuality is bad because the telos (intended end product) of sex is procreation of a child, but this is not possible with same-sex couples; therefore, if an action does not fulfil the end purpose it was designed for, it is bad. Natural Law is dependant mainly on human reason therefore is not necessarily a religious theory; however, it has been relied on strongly by the Catholic Church to guide their moral teachings as they believe that Natural Law is relevant to all circumstances given by God. Natural law is perceived by all human beings because it does not rely on the existence of God, and therefore can be followed as a moral code by anyone, but only believers in God acknowledge that it has implications for them beyond the grave. Natural law became prominent through the writings of Aristotle who said that you were able to use reason to discover the teleological goal of human nature. Other antecedents of Natural Law included: Aristotle,...
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