The Early Years Foundation Stage is a document which displays and outlines the requirements in development, structure of learning and care for a child from birth to 5 years old. It is a legal requirement to follow the EYFS for any companies working with children, such as nurseries, crèches, and independent schools in England.
This document is put in place by the government to guide practitioners such as teachers working with children from birth to 5 years old. In using this framework there are six key areas of learning that are covered. With this, practitioners set activities for children that are based on and cover the six key areas.
The EYFS also enables adults such as parents to understand how and why nurseries or ‘Key workers’ work and observe children in this way, often the practitioner will ask about the child’s interests outside of nursery – that way it helps the parent build on the child’s welfare and progress as well as the teacher. The six areas of development that are covered in the EYFS are;
• Personal, social and emotional development
• Communication, language and literacy
• Problem solving, reasoning and numeracy
• Knowledge and understanding of the world
• Physical development
• Creative development
Each of these main titles has a subtitle which breaks down the area into more specific sections, such as; Creative development: exploring media and materials. There is also a grading system for age groups which helps the practitioner find the right area to look in for the area of development. The EYFS is not only a guide for areas of development but also states welfare requirements such as the safeguarding of children and the promotion of a positive environment as children learn best when in this type of setting.
As mentioned earlier the ‘Key worker’ is responsible for...