For us, it is not only a business, it is a passion.
COAL MINING CONTRACTORS
Our Coal Consultants have in-depth knowledge of the coal industry and have been active participants in coal mining, coal preparation and handling, quality control and equipment procurement
FABSI INTERNATIONAL & MMI
92 323 5146578
Experience FASBI INTERNATIONAL & MMI
Our Coal Consultants have in-depth knowledge of the coal industry and have been active participants in coal mining, coal preparation and handling, quality control and equipment procurement. Our extensive experience in coal comprises:
Feasibility Studies, Internal Rate of Return (IRR) Calculations Scoping Studies Front-end engineering studies Evaluation of coal mining operations Studies for the expansion of surface and underground coal mines Coal beneficiation Coal reserves estimation Design of barge and rail loading facilities Project permitting Mine ventilation Economic, market and financial studies Project Schedule Development, CAPEX Studies and OPEX Studies Operations improvement Flow diagram development Due Diligence for Acquisitions Mergers and Acquisitions Management consulting Auxiliary Equipment Selection Assistance and Material handling Quality Assurance / Quality Control Monitoring Site Advisory Services
How is Coal Mined
Coal Deposits in Pakistan
How is coal mined?
Mining is the process of removing coal from the ground. There are two types of mining: underground mining and surface mining. When the coal seam is fewer than 125 feet under the surface, it is mined by surface mining. Coal that is deeper than 125 feet is removed from the ground by underground mining.
Coal deposits in Pakistan
Coal deposits in Pakistan are up to 185 billion tons. The deposits are more than 850 trillion cubic feet spanning over different regions of the country, surprisingly more than the oil reserves in Saudi Arabia having a collective quantity of approximately 375 billion barrels.
Surface mining is used when a coal seam is located close to the surface. Heavy equipment is used to clear the land of trees, shrubs and topsoil. Holes are drilled into the rock and explosives are placed in these holes. The explosion breaks up the dirt and rock called overburden. Holes are drilled into the rock and explosives are placed in these holes. The explosion breaks up the dirt and rock called overburden. Safety inspectors carefully monitor the drilling and blasting process. Large earth-moving machines move the overburden to expose the coal seam. When the coal is uncovered, bulldozers and shovels scoop up the coal and load it into large trucks. All of the coal is mined.
Underground mining is used when the coal seam lies deep in the earth. In an underground mine only some of the coal is removed. The coal that remains helps support the mine roof. Underground mines look like a system of tunnels. The tunnels are used for traveling throughout the mine, moving coal from place to place and allowing air to circulate in the mine. The coal that is mined is put on trollies pulled by haulage system to the surface. There are three types of underground mines: slope, drift, and shaft. When the coal seam is close to the surface but too deep to use surface mining, a slope mine can be built. In a slope mine a tunnel slants down from the surface to the coal seam. In a slope mine, the miners and materials ride in special cars to get to the coal seam A drift mine is built when the coal seam lies in the side of a hill or mountain. Drift mines may also be built in a surface mine that has become too deep. Two types of underground mining are used: room and pillar mining and longwall mining. Room and pillar mining leaves pillars, or blocks, of coal in the mine to support the roof. In longwall mining the roof is allowed to collapse in a planned sequence.
Mining in PAKISTAN
Please join StudyMode to read the full document